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What is the meaning of Law? Concept, Definition of Law

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Definition of law


1 Meaning of law

We are again in front of a term that, etymologically speaking, it comes from the latin. This promptly, derived from lex, which keeps the same meaning. The word that gives life to this article is none other than law. If one takes the Sopeña Manual illustrated encyclopedic dictionary, you will see that it holds in its first meaning: the rule and constant and unchanging standard they are subject things. For its part, the Manual dictionary of the Spanish language (Editorial Larousse) has a similar, albeit somewhat more extensive meaning: rule or standard established by a higher authority to send, prohibit or regulate anything.
As previously explained it follows then, that a law is a legal standard, which should be dictated by a legislator. That is, a precept which has been established by a competent authority. In this sense it is is forbidden or commanded something being fully consistent with the law. Of course that to not celebrate, who violates it will be able to receive an appropriate sentence. To illustrate its use in any everyday talk, we could say: the law is not only to respect it and know it, but also to comply with it.
Meanwhile, one of the central features of the law lies in contributing to the achievement of the common good of the citizens belonging to a company, which is organized by rights and duties. At the same time, the birth of the laws was given in order to limit the free will of the people; While, at the same time, it acts as the main control that has the State to monitor the conduct of those who make up the society.
On the other hand, if you live under a regime of constitutional character, the law would be a provision that has the approval of the courts and which can be sanctioned by the head of State. In another order, such as rule of law, a law must comply with these principles: generality, mandatory, permanence, abstract and impersonal and known.
Synonyms of law
Of course, that the word that on this occasion we have gathered has certain synonyms. Review them: legislation, code, statute, Ordinance, plebiscite, standard, edict, disposal, principle, measurement, jurisprudence, justice.


2. Definition of law

The law is a rule of law handed down by a competent public authority, in general, is a function that lies with the legislators of the national congresses of the countries, prior discussion of the scope and the text that drives it and which must observe a mandatory by all citizens, without exception, of a nation, because the observation of these depend on a country does not end converted into anarchy or chaos.
As well I was saying recently, since the purpose of the laws is to contribute to the achievement of the common good of the people who are part of a society organized under certain duties and rights, breach, will certainly bring about a sanction which can, according to the importance of the rule that has been violated, involve a punishment implementation in prison either the realization of some community work that does not involve deprivation of liberty per but which must be complied with strictly, equally, to leave paid the foul.
The laws were born with the goal of limiting the free will of human beings who live in a society and it is the main control that holds a State to monitor the conduct of its inhabitants not deviate, nor end hurting his neighbor.
The laws are the main source of law and are distinguished by the following characteristics: General information, what said you earlier, that must be met by all without exception; mandatory, assuming an imperativo-atributivo character, which means that on the one hand gives legal and the other rights; duties permanence, this means when it promulgates them does not have an expiration date, on the contrary, its duration will be indefinite in time until a competent body determines its repeal for any reason valid and previously agreed; abstract and impersonal, which implies that a law is not conceived to solve a case in particular, but the cases that can cover and finally, generality that it is said to be known, to move it so no one can argue that he failed it due to ignorance.
In addition, a remarkable feature of the laws in modern States is the absence of retroactivity; This means that its entry into force takes place from the date of the enactment and does not apply to events that occurred prior to the enactment. This resource prevents the arbitrary application of rules for punitive purposes, as it can occur in totalitarian States.
Highlights that laws require in fact of the participation of the three powers in Republican States: are the parliaments (legislative power) which produced a law, the heads of State (Executive: President, Prime Minister) who enacted or vetoed that standard and judges (judiciary) that monitor its compliance.
In contrast, those rules arising from the agreement between different nations do not bear the name of law, but it is preferred to call them treaties or conventions. Although regarded as supranational legal entities, in modern democracies these agreements between countries all require approval by local parliaments to acquire force of law. In some cases, this type of agreements are subjected to plebiscite to achieve the direct perception of the inhabitants of the country.
Comment of interest, the concept of law is applied in other areas of human knowledge, as described for the laws of physics or chemistry that govern items, or the fundamentals of arithmetic or algebra. These "rules" are universal, and although they are unchangeable, may apply for the benefit of human progress. Many of these laws are the eponymous of their discoverer or meeting and you know with that nomenclature worldwide.


3 Concept of law

The term comes from the latin lex or legis and refers to the obligation established by a supreme authority, whose rule is constant and sends a thing or prohibited.
In the year 450a.C., was drafted the "law of the twelve tables", which constituted the first code of Roman law. It is believed that they were written from the plebeian claims about their rights. The tables included different areas of law and included punishments for some crimes.
The law, after the advent of the rule of law, is the standard issued by the Parliament which represents the people's sovereignty, therefore everyone must abide by its provisions. In the strict sense of the word, is one of the standards that integrate land use and of higher rank after the Constitution.
In some cases, Governments can dictate General provisions of legal rank, for example, legislative decrees, whose issuance is regulated by the Constitution and contained a number of specific cases.
We also find that in the field of physics and chemistry, there are laws that refer to the behaviour of a natural phenomenon, expressed by formulas mathematics and obtained from the results of a series of experiments carried out with similar systems.
In this way, the laws of nature are due to natural events that recur under the same conditions at all times and in all places. The man has tried to establish and fix functional relations as statistical laws; Universal events they do not originate, but are they rules man interprets them.
Some of them are, the laws of conservation of energy, force of Newton law, the law of universal gravitation, Maxwell's equations, the theory of relativity, among others.

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