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What is: "National Park" ‒Definiciones and Conceptos‒
1. Concept of National Park in the Wikipedia EncyclopediaA national park is a category of protected area that enjoys a certain legal status that allows you to protect and preserve the richness of its flora and fauna, is characterized by being representative of a region fitozoogeografica and having scientific interest.
While wild National Park concept is emerging in the Western world, in Asia are the first efforts to keep large tracts of land under the control of the State, for the purpose of protection of the nature. Perhaps the protected area  oldest of which has is the forest of Sinharaja in Sri Lanka, which today is a forest reserve and in 1988 was declared world heritage by the Unesco.
Years later, a similar measure was proposed for an area in Wyoming and Montana, but problems with tourists and owners of lands in and around the newly created Yosemite Park, besides the fact that this new book as proposal covered areas in more than one State, made difficult its establishment initially since the federal Government had no precedents nor a clear idea of how to control a park. In 1871 Yellowstone National Park was established as the first truly national park. Taking example of Yellowstone, in 1890, Yosemite went to federal control and becoming the second national park in the United States.
National parks are usually located in places with low development. Frequently presented with a wealth of outstanding and unspoilt areas in its flora and fauna with an ecosystem that is often the last stronghold of endangered species. Also develop national parks in areas of significant geological features by their origin, training or natural beauty. Very often both objectives are met in most of the national parks, in a unique natural balance which allows you to enjoy the Wildlife at its peak as it was abundant on our planet before the excessive human development.
In some countries the national parks are meant to return to certain areas that have experienced such human development to its natural state. This was the case with the Great Smokey National Park located between the States of North Carolina and Kentucky. In some cases, as in Great Britain national parks may include private properties that can continue farming and small villages and roads exist.
Most of the national parks have a dual purpose to offer refuge to wildlife as well as tourist attraction emerging so what is known as eco-tourism. Tourism in a controlled way is a source of income for the maintenance of the parks.
2. Definition of National ParkPark is a term with multiple uses. The most frequent concerns the area presenting trees, plants, flowers and spaces for rest and leisure. It is a public greenspace.
National, on the other hand, is an adjective that designates what is linked to a nation (concept, usually associated with the idea of country).
The notion of National Park, therefore mentions the ground a country devoted to the preservation of flora and local fauna. The purpose is to avoid that nature will break down from the overexploitation of resources, structures and other human activities.
For example: "last summer toured Patagonia National Park", "the environmental group reported that the Government does not protect the National Park accordingly", "this National Park has one greater surface in several European countries".
The area protected by a National Park typically has scientific interest (by the presence of native species) and landscape (for the beauty of its landscapes). Apart from its importance for the protection of ecosystems, national parks have become important tourist destinations.
In this sense, the national parks tend to be open to the public, which can traverse it and develop various activities on its surface (camping, swimming in a Lake, mountain climbing, etc.). State authorities are responsible for taking care of the facilities and the region through the Park Rangers or other officials who are trained to safeguard natural resources.
3. Definition of National ParkThe concept of National Park is a relatively recent concept that is used to refer to those natural areas especially protected by national Governments in order to conserve the flora and fauna that exists in them and thus prevent its disappearance, termination or alteration. Protection that is offered to the natural area known as n.p. is legal and this is thus to prevent any breach or misuse by part of individuals or corporations. National parks to prevent damaging considered activities such as hunting wild animals, tree felling, fishing or the realization of bonfires, etc.
The first national parks newly acquired legal status at the end of the 19th century. This is so since previously it was usual that these territories belong to particular aristocrats of great power or the national State but were not adequately protected by the law. The creation of different national parks has to do not only with the protection of natural areas if not with the recovery of areas that have been altered by the presence of human beings and is estimated to reach lost. The first National Park was established in 1872 in the United States and is today the most famous Yellowstone that is located in the States of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho.
The International Union for the conservation of nature and natural resources has established different guidelines that serve to recognize a natural area as eventual national park: there is in one or more natural ecosystems, with a minimum of thousand hectares, which develops a system of legal protection, which ensure the effective prohibition of the use of existing resourcesallowing people to explore it, visit it and enjoy cultural, educational or recreational purposes.