What is: "pariah" ‒Definiciones and concepts -
1. Concept of pariah in the Wikipedia EncyclopediaIn the India caste system, an outcast, untouchable, dalit or panchamas (Malayalam: തൊട്ടുകൂടായ്മ). He is a person that, according to traditional Hindu beliefs, is considered outside the four varnas or castes. Varna refers to the belief that many humans were created from different parts of the body of the divinity Purusha, and the part that each varna was created defines the social status of a person in relation to aspects such as who can marry and what professions can play.
To be away from the varnas, to outcasts, historically, only been allowed more marginal jobs. Leather workers are included (called chamar), poor farmers and landless labourers, street artisans, popular artists, the launderers of clothes and others. Traditionally they were isolated in their own communities, to the extent that the upper classes avoided the contact of their shadows. Discrimination against dalits is still in rural areas and in the private sphere. However, it has disappeared in urban areas and in the public sphere, in relation to freedom of movement and access to education.
The early rejection of discrimination, at least in spiritual aspects, goes back to the Bhagavad Gita (epico-religioso text of the 3rd century BC), where it is stated that you for even the untouchables, women and foreigners is unattainable lighting.
The dalits are often victims of violence, including frequent lynchings, murders and rapes. In the State of Rajasthan, between 1999 and 2003 alone there were more than 143 pariahs raped and killed 93. Massacres that used to include the rape of women and the killing of men and women, dalits are reported in the 20th century in Chundur, Neerukonda, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Kherlanji, being the most recent Majarastra (2006) and Rajasthan (2008).
This phenomenon, however, is not unique to India, since there are similar groups in Bangladesh (known as arzal), in Yemen (known by al - akdham) and in Japan (where they receive the name of burakumin).
2. Definition of Pariah
The term pariah, which has its origin in the Portuguese pariah, refers to the subject that does not enjoy the same benefits or rights than others. A pariah, therefore, tends to be considered inferior, although the specific use of the term varies according to the context.
In India, an outcast is not part of any of the traditional caste. Also called délit, it used to be discriminated against and has avoided all contact with him, belonging to the lower social class and without any chance of progress. Currently, this social group is only in certain rural regions, although it is still a victim of persecution and attacks.
In other areas, known as pariah to the person that is far from their origins, either from their family, from their homeland, etc. The pariah, in this sense, is an orphan (either symbolically or literally) or someone who has no roots. For example: "the gaucho wandered through the desert as a pariah during eight long months," "When my parents died, I left the country and I installed in Central America as a pariah".
In Argentine prisons, pariah is the inmate who does not receive family visits or friends, so it bears her confinement in solitude. Outcasts, therefore, do not receive any help from abroad and do not have access to phone cards, cigarettes, shelter and other items.
Outcasts in prisons tend to be mistreated and almost as it is the case with the mentioned Indian caste, suffering discrimination from other detainees.