1. Meaning of PartParty, right, is each of the positions they may have faced in litigation (trial, arbitration or conciliation) or enter into a contract.
Procedural lawIn procedural law, is the person or group of persons acting in the judicial process defending his right or interest against a current conflict subject to the decision of a court of law.
direct parties are the plaintiff and the defendant, although in some proceedings may receive a different name.
indirect parties are third harmonics involved defending interests, dissimilar or independent of the main parts (as amicus curiae). In criminal law, for example, there is a private prosecution or prosecution, they can act independently of the prosecution).
judicial acts in non-contentious, also improperly called acts of non-contentious jurisdiction or voluntary, the interested called or applicant, because there is no counterpart against which engage in conflict, but the process starts with an application to the relevant court.
Contract LawIn contract law the parties are natural or legal persons who consent and entering into the contract.
're an essential part of the contract, to the extent that in the case of either party change occurs termination of the contract, and renewal, through the substitution of a new person in the place in which it was any of the above.
On the other hand, one of the parts can be formed by one or more persons as long as these act as joint, either jointly or severally.
2. Defining PartThe dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) recognized more than twenty meanings of the term part. This concept, whose etymological origin is in the Latin (partis), is often used to designate a fragment or a fraction of something that constitutes a whole.
This means that a whole can be formed by various parties. For example: "This gift is only a part of all the surprises prepared for your birthday", "I think this doll is broken and missing parts", "I have health, I'm in love ... the only part of my life that I labor is concerned. "
portion is likely to be symbolic or physical. A person may indicate that the part that is not like any other personality or favorite part of the movie is when the protagonist is saved from an accident. The party may also be concrete: one leg is a part of a table, like a keyboard can be considered as a part of a computer.
The notion of part can also be used to name an individual or group that has an interest in a certain issue ("The parties agreed, so the contract is not yet signed") or the sides that are involved in a confrontation ("Warring parties were found this morning along the river").
A certain place ("Go somewhere else"), a message or alert ("The doctor still gave me the medical report of the grandmother"), the divisions of an artistic work ("The first part is my favorite Star Wars") and sexual organs (in this case, is used in the plural: "He hit me in my parts") are other concepts that are named as parties.