Definition of philosophy
1. Concept of philosophyOn this occasion we will be putting the accent on a term which refers to one of the most important disciplines in the history of mankind. But before we go, we will review its etymological origin. The word in question comes from the Greek language. In particular, derived Phylos (love) Sophya (wisdom). So then, it follows that it means love (for) wisdom, which would be the translation if you want philosophy.
As it happens, for example, with religion, discipline that brings us here together always has focused on questions of the existence of human beings. But its great difference with respect to religion is that latter emphasis in faith or in any divine revelation. Moreover, the philosophy is as fundamental basis right. From there it follows then that, in one of its definitions, hold that it is the rational analysis of the meaning of human existence. Of course for that call analysis, as well as rational as it was expressed, consistent so that you can give answer thousands of questions that arise around the existence of man. Between the so-called fundamental problems some take place such as morality, mind, language, mind, beauty, truth, the existence and knowledge.
According to cash by Isocrates (orator, politician and Greek educator), the birth of this branch was in Egypt. But despite this, who knew how to make this discipline a prominent activity have been Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who formed the so-called time of gold of the ancient Greece. The first of the three mentioned was going to become the model of European philosophy. Meanwhile, his direct disciple was Plato, the author of the theory of Ideas. While Aristotle, who classified all reality in various fields of knowledge, both sorting and sort them scientifically.
Synonyms of philosophy
Although it is not easy, it is possible to quote some words which, depending on context, could serve as a synonym of the term addressed: ideology, doctrine, discipline, theory, logic, science, ontology, metaphysics, ethics.
2. Definition of philosophyPhilosophy is the science that deals with answering the great questions that reveal the man as being the origin of the universe or man, the meaning of life, among others, in order to achieve wisdom and all this will be achieved through putting up a coherent and rational analysis that it will consist of the approach and question how much response you can think of usfor example, what is man, what world, what can I know, what can I expect from such a thing.
In relation to the origin of this discipline (and trusting what Isocrates, contemporary of Plato, argued at the time), the philosophy had its birth in Egypt, although they would be those great thinkers of the golden age of ancient Greece, like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle that most have been highlighted in various philosophical debates that there were by then; for them, the raison d ' être of philosophizing was astonishment that they generated some circumstances. Stands out the transcendent contribution of Santo Tomás de Aquino, who sought to systematize the philosophy of Aristotle in the framework of Christian thought. Then, already in modern times, they'll come to broaden the bases René Descartes with its methodical doubt as a method response to the great questions of humanity and Jaspers, who in a place of opposition to all these imposed philosophising from the succession of extreme situations such as the death. And of course, the long list continued throughout history with Kant, Hegel, Marx and Wittgenstein, among the most prominent.
Then, in not addressing a single issue, but several, philosophy is divided into several branches to be occupied specially for response to specific issues.
Thus for example metaphysics is occupied only if, its principles, fundamentals, causes and properties and the epistemology, by his side, the knowledge, its nature, scope and origin, ethics, morality and human action; the aesthetics of the essence and the perception of beauty and finally the logic that tries to cast light on the correct arguments and those who are not. In addition to these various branches that focus on the philosophy on varied aspects of human knowledge, there are philosophical schools that emerged from the great cultures of the Earth. Thus, it is possible to point out that, in addition to our renowned Western philosophy, the civilizations of Asia have resulted in great philosophers with greater or lesser impact in the current times of globalization. Both China and India have provided lines of existential thought. In the same way, the great religions, especially Christianity, have provided complete philosophical schools of varied impact in modern thought, many times exceeding the framework of each of those religions.
Far from being a science reserved for scholars-specific or "elect", philosophy is a discipline open and aimed at the general public. Like other variants of the modern sciences, the dissemination of the general concepts of philosophy by means of scientific communication is in the most appropriate way to convey this knowledge to all stakeholders.
It has been discussed on the subjective component of philosophy and, therefore, the possibility of not respecting the systematization of the sciences. However, while personal experience and prior knowledge are pillars for the study and the deepening of this discipline, philosophy is not exempt from the thoroughness which is worth applying to all of the social sciences and the man; in this context, there are many points in common with sociology, psychology and other similar branches.
But and despite the divisions, that they find their sense only on a practical matter and management, philosophy, in that typical of constant inquiry, really be that cause each of these questions, aimed at achieving a vision broader and context of human beings in their personal, biological and social environment.
3 Concept of philosophyThe word philosophy is of Greek origin, meaning "love of wisdom". It is the science that is the essence, properties, causes and effects of things, as it is the result of a set of ideas, thoughts, and reflections on something, look for explanations to the mysteries of our world.
Philosophers are people seen with philosophical attitude, from the beginning of our history, they sought to develop a rational conception of the world and offer an explanation of reality. Were gradually incorporating various philosophical problems: the contradiction between appearance and reality, the existence of a transcendent finality of the universal order and a being of Supreme creator of the world, the accuracy or falsehood of human knowledge, ethical issues, etc.
In conclusion, the philosophical problems arise from two main points: the man and his relationship with the universe. Philosophy has tried to always know and provide an explanation of the existence, a fair view of reality, and even when he has denied the possibility of reaching such knowledge, has tried to found arguments that opinion. Critical character constitutes, therefore, a crucial element of philosophical thought which wants to be seen as such.
The first philosophers who existed in history, which were astonished by the perfection of the universe were the Greeks, among them are Socrates, Aristotle and Plato. With the passage of time they appeared different philosophers in the middle ages and Renaissance, up to modern philosophy, who include Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Hume, Berkeley, Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Husserl, among others.
The philosophy is divided into several fields of research: Ontology and metaphysics (critical analysis of the structure of reality); theory of knowledge, epistemology, or epistemology (the study of the origin, structure and scope of knowledge); logic (exploration of the reasoning or argument valid); Ethics (analysis of human action and its values); and aesthetics (theory of beauty and art).