What is: "Social Control" ‒Definiciones and Conceptos‒
1. Concept of Social Control in the Wikipedia EncyclopediaSocial control is the set of practices, attitudes and values to support the established order in societies. Although sometimes the social control is performed by coercive or violent means, the social control also includes forms not specifically coercive, such as prejudice, values and beliefs.
Among the means of social control are social norms, institutions, religion, laws, hierarchies, the means of repression, the indoctrination (media and propaganda), behaviors generally accepted, and uses and customs (informal system, which can include prejudice) and laws (formal system, including sanctions).
Social control appears in all societies as a means of strengthening and survival of the Group and its rules. Under the rules and laws are forming groups. The implementation of a social morality (by the social influences that generates) and the critical liberal as self-defense and interpretation of events and interests, is the way towards social change. It acts on social deviance (laws) and anomie (standards).
Social cognition or behavior deviated from - some - correct form, perspective has a scheme of stereotypes and unscientific version value judgments, and is possible and usual as - professional - scientific knowledge; a society without rules (rule of law) is in fact impossible and the issue is its precise nature and mechanisms for the case, without loading more additional problems, with only the common good with a functional rules for social order. As control is important, at the same time has to have control on the drivers with a consensus on legislation for a balance of powers and controls, that is repressive in its attitude.
Persuasive social control for the achievement of conformity works mainly with ideas and values, which translate into respectful attitudes of the rules. Tends to a moral free, optional, custom, fewer rules and less control.
2. Definition of Social ControlWhen you talk about social control, reference is made to the Group's rules and regulations of different type are set explicitly or implicitly by a society to maintain the order of individuals and allow the development of a standard of living organized and controlled. Social control can be present in different ways, both through formal as informal practices, through socially accepted regulations, and through coercion of the same individual over itself.
The social control aims to maintain social groups within an order formally accepted in such a way that respect a number of basic rules that contribute to generate organized and non-conflicting lifestyles. In this sense, clearly visible regulations with respect to the idea of social control are those that are expressed through laws, statutes and formal regulations to be met by all members of a society in the same way. These measures are created and accepted by the whole of society since they are explicitly set. Explicit social control can also be related to political interests and the cancellation of policies of different groups of society expressions, although such situations can enter within the framework of the implicit in certain occasions.
However, there is also social control from informal methods need not be explicit, and which sometimes have much stronger than formal methods. Here we should mention the social control exercised by religions, social hierarchies, the means of communication and propaganda, moral norms and others. This set of informal social control standards seek to generate in the individual acquisition of behavior socially approved on a voluntary basis. Many times, these implied rules of social control may not be entirely ethical, above all when it comes to propaganda and power of certain advertising messages.
Finally, social control is also exercised from the same individual and this is where institutions such as family and religion have special weight. These self-imposed rules of social control are strongly related to the censorship of certain attitudes and thoughts and in extreme cases may have as a result the development of personalities too represorias and autocensurantes.
3 Concept of Social ControlSocial control is any intervention or control which is carried out to monitor the correct operation of something, in this case, society.
Society to function well, means that fits the predetermined plan by those who govern it, which are based in their own proposals, and the characteristics and cultural values of the society in question.
To exercise social control persuasive media as propaganda, they can be used through the mass media; or indoctrination, through institutions such as schools or churches; or coercive, through laws or legislation; that is punished through the State, which monopolizes the force, those behaviors that violate the standards imposed, which diverted to the society of their fixed runways, which may vary from one to another. For example in Muslim societies, there is greater social control over the loyalty of women, than in the Western world, with very repressive means.
Social control is to keep the group together and oriented towards common goals, establishing a set of principles and estimations shared about what is right and what is wrong (code of ethics) which in turn, is reinforced by coercive laws, to impose those behaviors to those who do not wish to do so freely.
Social and legal standards are not static and change along with cultural progress, and the new values, will try that it be respected, by means of social control.
It is that society is compliant with the standards imposed, since a massive discontent, can generate violent group reactions, that force to repress, with the consequent loss of legitimacy of the leaders; because this way of social control, based on the abuse of authority, dictatorial governments, generally fails, to not be able to hold it long.