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What is the meaning of Subatomic particle? Concept, Definition of Subatomic particle

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Definition of subatomic particle


1 Meaning of subatomic particle

A subatomic particle is a particle smaller than the atom. It can be an elementary particle or one compound, in turn, by other subatomic particles, such as quarks that make up protons and neutrons. However, there are both compound and elemental, subatomic, particles which are not part of the atom, as in the case of neutrinos and bosons.
Most of the elementary particles that have been discovered and studied cannot be found under normal conditions on Earth, usually because they are unstable (decomposes into already known particles), or well, are difficult to produce in all ways. These particles, both stable and unstable, occur at random by the action of cosmic rays colliding with atoms of the atmosphere, and in the processes that occur in the particle accelerators, which mimic a process similar to the first, but in controlled conditions. In this way, dozens of subatomic particles have been discovered, and hundreds of others are theorizing. Examples of theoretical particle is the graviton; However, this and many others do not have been observed in modern particle accelerators or in natural conditions in the atmosphere (by the action of cosmic rays).
As subatomic particles, are also virtual particles, which are particles which represent an intermediate step in the disintegration of an unstable particle, and therefore last a short time.


2. Definition of subatomic particle

In the context of chemistry, the particles are very small fragments of matter that, despite its tiny size, keep intact the chemical properties of a substance. The subatomic adjective, on the other hand, mentions to the level of a structure that is smaller than the atom.
If we take into account these definitions, we can say that subatomic particles are those smaller than an atom. It is possible that this is an elementary particle, although there are also compound subatomic particles.
Electrons, protons and neutrons are some examples of subatomic particles. These, in turn, are composed of fundamental particles called quarks.
It is important to note that it is very difficult to find elementary subatomic particles in natural state on our planet: due to its instability, tend to decompose and give rise to other types of particles. Particle accelerators are devices created by man to generate subatomic particles mimicking the behavior of nature.
Apart from neutrons, electrons and protons, which are the most well known subatomic particles, there are other types of elements that share the same condition. Neutrinos, for example, are subatomic particles whose existence could be verified only in the mid-1950's. Other subatomic particles are hadrons and pions.
Sub-Atomic particles are an object of study of different branches of physics, such as quantum physics, particle physics, nuclear physics and atomic physics. There are also a point of interest for other specialties, such as quantum mechanics.


3 Concept of subatomic particle

Subatomic particle. It is a particle smaller than the atom. It can be an elementary particle or one compound, in turn, by other subatomic particles, such as quarks that make up protons and neutrons. However, there are both compound and elemental, subatomic, particles which are not part of the atom, as in the case of neutrinos and bosons.
Particle physics and nuclear physics deal with the study of these particles, their interactions and matter that shape them and he is not added in the atoms. Most of the elementary particles that have been discovered and studied cannot be found under normal conditions on Earth, usually because they are unstable (decomposes into already known particles), or well, are difficult to produce in all ways.
These particles, both stable and unstable, occur at random by the action of cosmic rays colliding with atoms of the atmosphere, and in the processes that occur in the particle accelerators, which mimic a process similar to the first, but in controlled conditions. In these ways, dozens of subatomic particles have been discovered, and hundreds of others were theorizing. Examples of theoretical particles are the graviton and Higgs boson; However, these and many others do not have been observed in modern particle accelerators or in natural conditions in the atmosphere (by the action of cosmic rays).
As subatomic particles, are also virtual particles, which are particles which represent an intermediate step in the disintegration of an unstable particle, and therefore last a short time.

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