Wednesday, April 24, 2013

What is the meaning of System? Concept, Definition of System

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Definition, Concept, Meaning, What is System





1. Concept of System

From latin term system which refers to the set of rules or principles linked together. It is a set of things that neatly together, contribute to the particular object.All systems have structure, composition, and environment. They can be divided into two types: the conceptual, as for example, the human system (other: predicates, sets, operators, propositions, etc., algebraic structures) and materials, composite thing has emergent properties. The systems theory is formed because of the need for general laws of behavior of the system of materials called such theories in systems thinking or sistemismo.
L. von Bertalanffy in 1945 was the first man who proposed a General theory of systems with the purpose of trying to create a "theory of theories" looking for rules of general value that could be applied to any system and any level of reality. The TGS arises from a need to scientifically address to specific systems. It produces a series of tools that empowers other branches of science, gives them a solid consistency so that they are well founded. Therefore, it is said that the TGS is a Metatheory.
Several disciplines have used the term system to develop his theories and give them an organizing framework: we have the case of the solar system proposed by N. Copernicus in 1543; the mononuclear Phagocytic system introduced by Aschoff in 1924; theories of communication and control systems of feedback from R. Ashby developed between 1948 and 1955; the theory of the catastrophes of R. Thom and E. Zeeman; systems teolologicos of Norbert Wiener, founder of Cybernetics; the legal system, both the oldest Roman that we know today; the nervous system in biology, among others.

2 Meaning of System

A system is a set of functions that operate in harmony or with a same purpose, and can be ideal or real. By its very nature, a system has rules or rules governing its operation and, as such, can be understood, learned and taught. Therefore, if we are talking about systems, we can refer to issues as diverse as the operation of a spacecraft or the logic of a language.
Any system is more or less complex, but must have a discrete consistency about their properties and operation. In general, the elements or modules of a system interact and interrelate to each other. Occasionally, there are subsystems within a system. This phenomenon is characteristic of biological systems, in which various levels of subsystems (cells) give rise to a system of larger (a living organism). The same consideration should be for the ecology, in which various systems of lesser magnitude (a puddle, the subsoil) converge in systems large scale, organized as a complete ecosystem.
Would thus, in a classification of systems those are distinguish conceptual or ideal, that may be for example mathematics, formal logic or musical notation and the real ones, as a live, land, or a language. The latter, real systems, can be open, closed or isolated. In open systems, large interaction with the environment, is verified as described for human beings. On the other hand, only closed systems have movements and interactions inside, without the possibility of Exchange with outside factors.
There are many types and examples of systems as politicians (one system democratic, monarchic and theocratic, among others), the technological (a car or a computer operating system), the financial (market and transaction systems), the biological (such as the nervous system in a living being), the legal (System of laws, decrees and other legal tools), the geometric (in conventional and non-conventional models)Health (public, private and social security system) and other numerous examples for each of the orders of everyday life.
In the event that a system has the Organization required to control their development without disturbance of the environment exceed some level, is called "autopoietic system". Human beings are considered the paradigm of systems of autopoiesis, given its capacity to produce to themselves within the framework of their offspring. However, some researchers propose consider societies such as real living beings of a different order, so it could apply these same ideas and human groups considered autopoietic systems. It's a matter of rough academic debate for which still not have achieved conclusive solutions. So far, the example is a thorough demonstration of the applicability of systems in the description of various fields, even at a general level and with a unifying theory.
Indeed, the pursuit of general laws to understand the behavior of the systems is systems theory. At the same time, the chaos theory is the branch of mathematics and physics that studies behavior unpredictable certain type of system that may be unstable, stable, or chaotic. A typical concept of this theory is that of entropy, which studies the natural tendency of systems to the loss of the order. This principle has already been applied by pure physics for Thermodynamics and, it is to say it, is today one of the most interesting tools to reconcile the concept of systems and apply it to the various orders.

3. Definition of System

So, dear / as, system is the term on which we will emphasize throughout this review. As well, the masculine noun in question, like so many others that we learned to tackle on the site, stems etymologically from the latin. Specifically, it derives from System. It should be noted that the word that summons us account with different applications, which vary according to the context in which they are used. To a first approximation, we could indicate that this term refers to those principles or rules which are linked and are able to form a body of doctrine.
As it often happens with many other words that make up our mother tongue, this it is also common to be used in different fields and disciplines. For instance, in the branch of astronomy, it is common to hear talk about the planetary system. In this sense then, okay underline that it is composed of the whole way the Sun with the rest of the planets (Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Earth, Venus and mercury). To do this, we must not forget add comets, asteroids, and satellites.
In another order, and moving us to another field, can also be reference to the centimetre–gram–second system. This last, in the field of physics is that are fundamental units. I.e., second for the measurement of time, gram for weighing the mass and length meter is used.
On the other hand, system also usually take place in the sports universe. For example, in football specialists often cite the word that brings us here together. In particular, they refer to the tactical system, which comes to be the drawing with which the teams come out to play matches. An example: for the match against Brazil, Sabella will use a system 3-5-2; that is, with three defenders, five flyers and two forwards.
Synonym system
With regards to the synonyms, we recommend to take into account the following: structure, organization, plan regime, rule, Ordinance, course, technique, via, style, practice, custom, usage, mode, method, procedure.

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