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Definition of Emeritus
1 Meaning of EmeritusIs called Emeritus to that person who, after having withdrawn from the position he occupied, enjoy benefits from a profession, especially teaching ecclesiastical or College, in recognition of their good services in the same; benefits that may be of different nature depending on the range and the institution concerned. The term is used also for conductors who have served superlatively to the entity that gives them the title.
In general, the authority to participate actively in the tasks that were you own prior to his retirement, after consultation of the Manager of the same is granted to the Emeritus, voice is given in assemblies and meetings and assists others in the guest of honor.
In the ChurchChristian congregations that have those jobs, provides for the transfer of a Bishop or Archbishop to the status of 'emeritazgo', which will terminate all their pastoral responsibilities; but can continue celebrating mass / preaching, where his forces, allow it because it is usually older people.
In the Catholic Church, the (arz) Emeritus bishops become it when they renounce his position before the Metropolitan Bishop or directly to the Supreme Pontiff, thus leaving his Diocesan duties, auxiliary or any had. When they reach the age of 75, his resignation is mandatory according to the Canon law prescribes.
(Arz) Emeritus bishops is not part of the Episcopal Conference; But yes they are called consultivamente by his experience and venerability. Yes they are still belonging to the Episcopal college. In some cases, when the episcopate is found in visit Ad Limina, one or more Emeritus bishops representing the Episcopal Conference in the absence of the bishops who exercise such charges within this organization.
At the UniversityIn Spanish universities the appointment of Emeritus professors is regulated by Royal Decree 898/1985, of 30 April, on regime of the University teaching staff. It states that the Emeritus professors:
1 You will be employed by the Council of Government of each University...
2.. .of among retired teachers belonging to the University educational bodies who have given outstanding services to the University for a minimum period of ten years.
3 It will be represented along with other collaborators and Associates:
1. In the cloister of the University
2. In the Council of Government
3. In the electorate of the rector.
4. In your contract specify academic obligations that will always be on time partial and for two years and can be renewed after.
In other countries the conditions for the appointment of Emeritus professors do not differ too much being the period of ten years of teaching a constant. There is also the possibility, in the Anglo-Saxon world, granted the title automatically if required deadlines are met and to assess, for example, if the scientific publications are of greater or lesser importance.
In ancient RomeThe ancient Romans called Emeritus licensed Legionnaires who enjoyed privileges and rewards received by their good services. Usually, apart from the loot could be able to knead in various campaigns, general on duty gave their beloved soldiers large concessions of land expropriated in the conquered countries which underlying real cities with the licensing of soldiers following the end of major campaigns.
An example of this type of Foundation presents the current Merida, capital of Extremadura, Spain, which carried the name of Emerita Augusta when it was created in the year 25 BC For the settlement of the new, gave Roman citizenship to the inhabitants of the population that already existed previously in place. Thus, the Emperor Augustus awarded this new city his men at the end of the bloody Cantabrian Wars, creating a thriving town in the Bética - then as part of Hispania Ulterior - which later became the capital of the province of Lusitania.
2. Definition of EmeritusEmeritus is a term in those people who after the cessation of their functions in a particular organization, still enjoy certain privileges which could enjoy in full function of his Office. Usually people that are granted the title from Emeritus in an institution, carry with them an excellent career and represents a bulwark of wisdom and advice, it is important to emphasize that such securities are generally granted in organizations that underlie a doctrine in particular as for example the Christian churches, the administrative systems of Government, law firms Attorney among others.
People who receive the title from Emeritus play roles in the Organization in a more indirect way, although responsibilities in Office already had non-correspondence, an Emeritus character may deliver its opinion in respect of the functions of its successor. The conditions that lend themselves to that title from Emeritus be imposed are sublime, in knowledge, exploits and representative acts that performed this in favour of the Organization, so that someone with an Emeritus investiture is requested so that issue conferences, councils, and is part of a support group in search of solutions and approaches for the stability of an organization.
Currently, the theme that is found in the arena of events of 2013 is the fact of Pope Benedicto XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) to renounce the post that I awarded him the last conclave after the death of Pope Juan Pablo II (Karol Józef Wojtyła), the reasons for the express in latin in February 2013 were that the because of his advanced age not could continue as it would be due to specific functions such as Holiness and authority the Vatican must play, however, members of the Church responsible for the entire process of resignation and next conclave decided to grant him the title of Emeritus Pope with which the can continue attending Church, officiate mass and participate in the major decisions of the maximum House of Christian and Catholic Church based in the Vatican in Italy.