Definition of Pax
- 1 Meaning of Pax
- 2. Definition of Pax
- 3 Concept of Pax
1 Meaning of Pax(The pax romana), also called Pax augusta, is a long period of peace imposed by the Roman Empire by the subject peoples. The expression comes from the fact that the Administration and the legal system pacified regions that had previously been disputes between chiefs, tribes, Kings or rival cities (for example, endless conflicts between the Greek city-States or Gallic tribes).
Of course, the State of general peace was referring only to the inner regions of the Empire, while it continued to fight in the borders of this against people who are settled in these areas as the Germans and deliveries. It was a period of relative calm, during which there was no face or civil wars of the caliber of the of the 1st century BC or major conflicts with foreign, as in the Punic Wars powers (3rd and 2nd centuries to. C.).
The first emperor, Augustus, locked the doors of the Temple of Janus, which only opened in times of war, when he believed he defeated cantabri and astures in 24 BC. Actually this war would last until 19 b.c., but is usually OK as starting date of the Roman peace the 29 b.c., when Augustus officially proclaimed the end of the civil wars, ranging up to the death of the Emperor Marco Aurelio in 180 A.d.).
It is considered that Roman peace reached its apogee during the dynasty of the Antonines (96-192 ad), marking a golden age that would be remembered in nostalgic way in the turbulent centuries in the West. The Empire reached its maximum expansion in the 2nd century, ranging from the Atlantic Ocean in the West to the River Tigris in the East. Trade was favored by the more secure routes of communication, what motivated the imperial economic well-being. This prosperity was reflected in the cities, which are embellished and settled to the detriment of the field as centres of Romanisation and culture.
The Pax Romana is considered after major disturbances and wars of the 3rd century, which was marked by an endless series of civil wars between various contenders for the imperial throne, while worsened Germanic and Persian pressure in the periphery, becoming periodically boils over the Empire.
2. Definition of PaxPax is a Latin word which does not form part of the dictionary developed by the Real Academia Española (RAE). This word, which can be translated as peace, is used to name the historical stage in which an empire manages to impose its hegemony over its neighbors and other Nations, to develop a peace situation both inside as its area of influence.
It is known as pax romana or pax augusta to a period in which the Roman Empire succeeded in establishing peace in different towns that subjected. Before this pax, these areas were scene of several battles and clashes, until the Romans succeeded in pacifying them after imposing its strength.
The notion of pax britannica, on the other hand, refers to the stage in which Britain established his dominance in much of the world. The pax, according to historians, ranged between 1815 and 1914 and coincided with the rise of the industrial revolution that increased wealth.
Within the context of the mythology of the Romans, there was a goddess called Pax, which was equivalent to Irene in Greek mythology. Descendant of Jupiter and Iustitia, Pax was related to the spring.
Pax is also the name of a small American town located in the State of West Virginia (with less than two hundred inhabitants according to the Census made in 2010), one of the sons of the marriage composed by Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie, an asteroid discovered in 1909 and a type of gene.
3 Concept of PaxIn Roman mythology, Pax (in latin, peace) is the Greek equivalent of Irene, one of three hours.
It would be recognized as a goddess during the time of Augustus. In the Roman field of Mars, had a temple called the Ara Pacis (Altar of peace), and another temple in the Forum Pacis (Forum of peace).
It is artistically represented with branches of olive trees, cornucopia and scepter. Held a party in her honor on January 3.
She was the daughter of Jupiter and Iustitia. Pax it it is often associated with spring.