What is the meaning of Superego? Concept, Definition of Superego

Definition of superego

On this website you will find one or more meanings in your language for the word or expression: superego. As well as definitions of Wikipedia pages and other Web pages related to the word superego and, of course, synonym of superego with appropriate images related to the use of this expression.

1. Concept of superego


Or "superego". Although in Freud prima biologist perspective, not it neglected the importance of society and culture, because it is present in the mind of the individual in the superego. The child learns parental moral and evaluative code that will determine their attitudes and motivations later; This learning occurs primarily in the pregenitales stages and as a consequence of the fear of punishment and the need for affection. The superego's function is integrating the individual into society. It is the instance that will observe and punish the instincts and experiences of the subject and which will promote the Suppression of unacceptable psychic content. His influence in the life of the subject is largely unconscious. The Superego is often distinguish the so-called "ideal self" of the "moral conscience", the first to point out situations, States and objects valued positively for the subject and which will tend his conduct, and the moral conscience to indicate rather the scope of the prohibitions and sanctions to which individuals believe that they must have.

2 Meaning of superego

The father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) distinguished three instances in the human psyche, which often arise intermingled: the 'it', dominated, especially sexual impulses, with unconscious contents; the "superego" which restrains them, subjecting them to moral judgment, and which arises when it is resolved the Oedipal complex; and the "I" that attempts to reconcile those two instances in reality, trying to meet the desires that exist in the unconscious, but with the moral boundaries imposed by society.
The "superego", is a cultural imposition, which is necessary for the harmonious coexistence, but is not natural, but taught from the same family, where attending behaviors, are imposed by establishing what is right and what is wrong, sanctioning the instincts that are considered negative, including sexual ones.
Within the "superego", which appears as heir, on the Oedipus complex, of the father, which imposed a brake to the incestuous desires of the child, there are behaviors that the own subject internalizes as positive, and that integrate the "ideal self" and others that must be accepted despite not sharing them for being the imposed moral code, which do not abide by it will entail sanctions. This feeling of guilt and the imposition of punishment, are those that prevent the individual release of the psychic suffering.
Thus neurosis arises when the subject itself imposes disclaimers that distressed, because desires remain in the unconscious, but the "superego" contains them giving in Exchange security, that anguish "Superego" does it but fear its loss. For Freud the "superego" cannot be eliminated through analysis, they should aim to attenuate its rigor, the subject be allowed to enjoy. Lacan believes in the possibility of eliminating the "superego" through the analysis.

3. Definition of superego

The concept known as superego was one of the most famous concepts coined by Austrian researcher Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis and the very important psychoanalyst and perhaps one of the most important thinkers of the field of psychology in the history. After extensive work with patients of different type and psychological conditions, Freud found that the psychic apparatus or the psyche, the mind, it could be divided or organized roughly in three spaces or private structures that met every one of them with a function and which had specific characteristics.
On the base or in the section more spontaneous or natural of the psyche of a person we found to do so, the structure which is related with the desires, body sensations and interest meet and satisfy those needs at the physical level. This level is unconscious and responds mostly to stimuli. Then continues the I, level that assumes full consciousness and that is the one in which the person is most of his life in a conscious way. Finally, the Superego is the highest instance since it is which impose morality or control over the other two, especially about the it in regards to the desires and fantasies. It is important to note that self is perhaps the balance between one and another instance since it implies a combination of elements from both sides.
The Superego is what makes that a person not behave socially as an animal or as a beast. The Superego is which imposed the socially approved behavior which contributes to generate sound sensations such as modesty, love, control, moderation. It is then linked more than with the desire with the will, with the ability to a person that has to control his impulses and conform to the socially accepted behaviour patterns. It is also the instance in which there are rules and regulations that govern social life. While the superego has some contact with the consciousness since they are all rational and not impulsive actions, an important part of the superego of a person is unconscious and makes it to act in a certain way from the mode in which has been raised, from various traumatic situations that has lived and that the individual cannot easily by itself.