What is the meaning of Superego ? Concept, Definition of Superego

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1. Concept of Superego


Freud developed his concept of the super-ego from an earlier combination of the ego ideal and the "special psychical agency which performs the task of seeing that narcissistic satisfaction from the ego ideal is ensured ... what we call our 'conscience'." The superego reflects the internalization of cultural rules, solely taught by parents applying their guidance and influence. For him "the installation of the super-ego can be described as a successful instance of identification with the parental agency," while as development proceeds "the super-ego also takes on the influence of those who have stepped into the place of parents — educators, teachers, people chosen as ideal models."
The super-ego aims for perfection. It comprises that organized part of the personality structure, mainly but not entirely unconscious, that includes the individual's ego ideals, spiritual goals, and the psychic agency (commonly called "conscience") that criticizes and prohibits his or her drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions. "The Super-ego can be thought of as a type of conscience that punishes misbehavior with feelings of guilt. For example, for having extra-marital affairs." Taken in this sense, the super-ego is the precedent for the conceptualization of the inner critic as it appears in contemporary therapies such as IFS and Voice Dialogue.
The super-ego works in contradiction to the id. The super-ego strives to act in a socially appropriate manner, whereas the id just wants instant self-gratification. The super-ego controls our sense of right and wrong and guilt. It helps us fit into society by getting us to act in socially acceptable ways.
The super-ego's demands often oppose the id’s, so the ego sometimes has a hard time in reconciling the two.
Freud's theory implies that the super-ego is a symbolic internalisation of the father figure and cultural regulations. The super-ego tends to stand in opposition to the desires of the id because of their conflicting objectives, and its aggressiveness towards the ego. The super-ego acts as the conscience, maintaining our sense of morality and proscription from taboos. The super-ego and the ego are the product of two key factors: the state of helplessness of the child and the Oedipus complex.[28] Its formation takes place during the dissolution of the Oedipus complex and is formed by an identification with and internalisation of the father figure after the little boy cannot successfully hold the mother as a love-object out of fear of castration.
The super-ego retains the character of the father, while the more powerful the Oedipus complex was and the more rapidly it succumbed to repression (under the influence of authority, religious teaching, schooling and reading), the stricter will be the domination of the super-ego over the ego later on—in the form of conscience or perhaps of an unconscious sense of guilt."
—Freud, The Ego and the Id (1923)
The concept of super-ego and the Oedipus complex is subject to criticism for its perceived sexism. Women, who are considered to be already castrated, do not identify with the father, and therefore, for Freud, "their super-ego is never so inexorable, so impersonal, so independent of its emotional origins as we require it to be in men ... they are often more influenced in their judgements by feelings of affection or hostility. However, Freud went on to modify his position to the effect "that the majority of men are also far behind the masculine ideal and that all human individuals, as a result of their bisexual disposition and of cross-inheritance, combine in themselves both masculine and feminine characteristics."
In Sigmund Freud's work Civilization and Its Discontents (1930), he also discusses the concept of a "cultural super-ego". Freud suggested that the demands of the super-ego "coincide with the precepts of the prevailing cultural super-ego. At this point the two processes, that of the cultural development of the group and that of the cultural development of the individual, are, as it were, always interlocked." Ethics are a central element in the demands of the cultural super-ego, but Freud (as analytic moralist) protested against what he called "the unpsychological proceedings of the cultural super-ego ... the ethical demands of the cultural super-ego. It does not trouble itself enough about the facts of the mental constitution of human beings."

2. Meaning of superego

The father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) identified three instances in the human psyche, which often are intertwined: The "It", dominated by impulses, especially sex with unconscious content, the "superego" that brakes, subjecting them to moral judgment, and that is when Oedipus complex is resolved, and the "I" trying to reconcile those two instances in reality, trying to satisfy the desires that exist in the unconscious, but what moral boundaries that society imposes. 
's "superego" is a cultural imposition, which is necessary for peaceful coexistence, but not natural, but taught from within the same family, which impose evaluative behaviors, establishing what is right and what is evil, punishing considered negative instincts, including sexual ones. 
within the "superego", which appears as heir, in the Oedipus complex, the father, who imposed a brake son incestuous wishes, there are behaviors that the subject himself internalized as positive, and making up the "ego ideal" and others must accept share despite not being imposed moral code that you abide not entail sanctions. This feeling of guilt and the imposition of punishment, are those that prevent the individual free from mental suffering. 
way neurosis arises when the subject itself is imposed disclaimers that distress, as exist in the unconscious desires, but the "superego" contains giving the security change, so the anxiety is not caused the "superego" but the fear of loss. For Freud the "superego" can not be eliminated through analysis, but must lie to mitigate its rigor, so that the subject is allowed to enjoy. Lacan does believe in the possibility of eliminating by analyzing the "superego."

3. Definition of superego

The concept known as superego was one of the most famous concepts coined by the important Austrian psychoanalyst and researcher Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis and perhaps one of the most important thinkers in the area of psychology in history. After doing extensive work with patients of different types and psychic conditions, Freud found that the psychic or the psyche, mind, you could divide or organize broadly into three areas or particular structures that met each of them with a function and had specific characteristics. 
At the base or more spontaneous and natural section of the psyche of a person found to this, the structure that relates to the wishes, with bodily sensations and interest in fulfilling and satisfying those needs on a physical level. This level is unconscious and mostly responds to stimuli. Then I continued on, the level which is fully aware and is one in which the person is most of his life so aware. Finally, the instance superego is more superior as it is imposed by the character or control over the other two, especially about it in relation to the desires and fantasies. It is important to note that the self is perhaps the instance of balance between the two and that involves a combination of elements from both sides. 
The superego is what makes a person does not behave socially as an animal or as a beast. The superego is imposed socially approved behavior, which contributes to sound sensations such as modesty, affection, control, restraint. It then links rather than desire with the will, with the ability of a person to control their impulses and patterns to conform to socially accepted behavior. It is also the instance in which there are rules and regulations that govern social life. While the superego has some contact with consciousness as they are all rational and impulsive actions, an important part of a person's superego unconscious and makes the same act in a certain way from the way it has been brought to different from traumatic situations has lived and that the individual can not easily recognize himself. 

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