Friday, May 24, 2013

What is the meaning of Antibiotic? Concept and Definition of Antibiotic

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Definition of antibiotic


Concepto de Antibiótico

1. Concept of antibiotic

The word antibiotic is a Greek cultismo, coined in 1942 by the Doctor in biochemistry of Ukrainian nationality, Selman Waksman, coming from "biōtikos" consisting of "anti" meaning against; "bio" = life and "tea room" which can be translated as "referred to". Or is that according to its etymology we can say that an antibiotic is what refers to what is life, although it should be noted that life attacking antibiotics, killing her (bactericidal action) or preventing its advancement and development (bacteriostatic action) is that of those bacteria and other agents, harmful to the human and animal organism, and even vegetable, which produce infections.
Antibiotics are substances extracted from micro-organisms that have the ability, at low concentrations, combat, although now also integrate the concept of synthetic processing substances.
Antibiotics should always be administered under the control of the optional, either, if it's people, or veterinarian for animals, since they may have side effects (affecting the normal flora, allergies) and cause make the organisms more resistant.
As examples of antibiotics include penicillin, whose renowned discoverer was Alexander Fleming, although the paternity of this substance is discussed you) who obtained it from a fungus in 1929; and also extracted from a fungus, streptomycin was elaborated by Waksman in 1944.
An ideal antibiotic, should possess a potent and selective bactericidal action, and be broad spectrum (Act on large numbers of bacteria), will not be destroyed by tissue enzymes, without altering the organic defenses, does not cause allergies, or damage leucocytes, or cause resistance in microorganisms that attack.

2. Definition of antibiotic

We are accustomed to having to guard against the possibility of contracting a disease, having to be in times winter warm enough, enjoy healthy meals and take hot drink to avoid taking cold and catch us a cold, as well as other more annoying diseases and that lead to a recovery of several days as a common flu, or any of its variants.
It is recommended to perform a query and a visit to our primary doctor, either your specialist in paediatrics in the case that the query is for the little ones, who will surely prescribe us different medicines, among which we find the group known as antibiotics, which sometimes tends to have a very unpleasant taste, but are badly needed.
The use of an antibiotic usually be linked generally in cases where detected us a bacterial infection, but also they can be prescribed the same when our body is invaded by other harmful microorganisms, which are obviously sensitive to this medicine, being generally used the so-called broad spectrum antibiotic, otherwise may be given those who attack in particular a specific bacterium.
It is necessary to resort to the help of antibiotics to control the bacterial Flora that develops in the body, being an important aid to immunological defenses we have naturally and helping to combat and control an infection, preventing the growth of germs as also the destruction of the present, taking the need to apply a suitable dosage, which tends to be directed by the doctor (i.e.(, a quantity determined with a specific range of hours)
We must in no way automedicarnos with antibiotics, is possible not only that we do not achieve control the infection when other Bacteria is present, but that in many cases the reaction is adverse to making their proliferation increases, coupled that we should avoid their administration in case of viral diseases since its effect not only is null, but it is also counterproductive.

3 Meaning of antibiotic

An antibiotic is an anti-patogeno agent which is designed to curb the reproductive capacity of a bacterium that affects the body, in all types of living beings. The antibiotic according to its etymology says that it comes from the Greek "αντί" which means the prefix "Anti or against" and "βιοτικός" "Given life or life". The relationship between the human body with the surrounding environment includes a number of capabilities of interactions among which stands out, adapt to the environment in order to establish a living brand called population, this implies that man must find the most natural tool to defend themselves from what can affect its evolution.
Antibiotic is the chemical responsible for stopping an infection. Infections are abnormalities in the body that happen once a pathogenic agent exceeds the natural barriers of the body, this way plant malignant bacteria that impair a tissue specific. The antibiotics act as a wall toxic to these infections, eradicating the symptoms by concept of an action which is contrary to the bacterium. This gives us by concept a complete range of antibiotics that are focused on the eradication of certain types of infections. The bacterial flora of the human body must maintain a stability and a conditions decisive for the functioning of the body, when a bacteria of different nature intervenes, an antibiotic should be applied to counteract the effects of these.
The antibiotic is one of the main weapons used for the treatment of cancer, its effect on the cells affected with carcinomas relieves and in some cases they retract the most direct symptoms. From the main antibiotics used in chemotherapy treatments, studies have been developed for the cures to cancer. One of the most famous antibiotics synthesized by the man from a natural strain is what is known under the commercial name of penicillin. It was the first antibiotic patented against a number of pathogens such as those who produce salmonella, meningitis, gonorrhea and many more. Developed by Alexander Fleming through a compound found in one study to a type of mildew.

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