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Definition of Persian
1. Concept of PersianThe Persian rug is an essential element of art and Persian culture, whose manufacture has become an art. Carpet weaving is, without a doubt, one of the highest manifestations of culture and Persian art, that date back to the bronze age.
Luxury Persian carpets are associated to which forms a striking contrast with its modest beginnings among the nomadic tribes of Persia. The carpet was a need to protect themselves from the harsh winter. Subsequently, it became a means of artistic expression for freedom which mainly involves the choice of vivid colors and used motives. Trade secrets have been passed down from generation to generation. Artisans used insects, plants, roots, barks and other issues as a source of inspiration.
From the 16th century, carpet-making was developed to become a full-fledged art.
Over time, degrade materials used in carpet, wool, silk, or cotton. Therefore, archaeologists have been able to do interesting discoveries about the oldest remains.
However, a single excavation, carried out in 1949, found an exceptional carpet amelioration in the middle of the ice of the Valley amelioration, in the mountains of Altai in Siberia. It is found in the tomb of a Scythian Prince discovered by a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of Sergei Ivanovich Rudenko. Carbon-14 tests show that amelioration carpet weave in the 5th century b.c. measuring 1.83 meters wide by 2 meters long and has 3,600 symmetrical knots per square decimeter. The advanced weaving technique used in this rug shows a clear experience in the domain of this art. Most experts believed that the carpet amelioration is the result of a long evolution of the technique of producing carpets for at least one millennium. According to this theory, the appearance of the technique of carpet weaving would date at least 3,500 years.
But all that remains as a vestige of the woven carpet in ancient times is limited to some poorly preserved pieces of carpet. These fragments are not very useful to recognize the characteristics of the period carpet weaving techniques pre-Seljuk (11th century-XII) in Persia. There are, however, written mentions the existence of carpets in West Asia during the pre-Islamic era, but it is impossible to know if they were knots or woven. Some fragments of knots rugs come from the Sassanid era, and were discovered in Shahr - e Qumis.
Older uncovered parts are which were found in Eastern Turkestan, and dating from the centuries III to V of the Christian era, as well as some woven by hand from the Seljuk of Asia minor, exposed in the mosque Ala'edin in Konya and the mosque Ashrafoghlu in Beyshehir (Turkey). These pieces attracted the attention of researchers at the beginning of the last century, and are preserved in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic arts of Istanbul and in the Museum by Molana in Konya.
2. Meaning of PersianThe Persian Cat is a breed of cat characterized by having a wide face and flat and abundant colorful fur. They are commonly considered as cats aristocratic (75% of registered pedigree cats are Persian). First Persian cats were introduced to Italy from Persia (current Iran) in the Decade of 1620 and he was called to their descendants in many ways. The current Persian branch was developed at the end of 1800 in England and comes from the Turkish Angora cat.In general, it is not clear when first appeared long-haired cats, since there is no African wild cats, which are believed to be the ancestors of domestic cats, with long hair. The aristocracy of the 19th century called for long-haired cats, and the gene for long hair was introduced through hybridization with Pallas cat. The first documented ancestors of the Persians were imported from Khorasan, Persia into Italy in 1620 by Pietro della Valle, and Angora (now Ankara) Jack, by Turkey in France, by Nicholas Claude Fabri de Peiresc at the same time. Cats of Khorasan Province were covered with gray, while those of angora were white. France soon came to Britain. From long-haired cats of Afghanistan, Burma, China and Russia were also imported to Europe. The crossing of different types were common, especially among the angora cats and Persians.
FeaturesIt is characterized by being an medium-sized to large and with long hair. It has round, solid head and wide skull. The front is rounded and the cheekbones are strong and prominent. It has a short snout and Chin strong and full. The eyes are large, round, open and separate, a very intense and brilliant color. The Persian Cat ears are small and rounded tips and covers of hair that comes from the inside out. Thus, they go unnoticed, mistaken for the long hair of the back, legs and head.
The body of the Persian Cat is muscular and rounded and has a sturdy bone structure. It stands out above the legs are small and thick.
It has abundant, thick, long hair and silky touch. The tail is bushy and rounded at the end. Thus, we can say that Persian cats are not be slender but solid, rounded and robust.
The Persian Cat can be of varied colors. There are Persian cats in one tight, intense colour and without lighter shades, such as black, white, blue, chocolate, lilac, red and cream. They can also be of various colours.
Current Persian cats are compact body. They have an upturned snout in a big round head. Its abundant and lush fur is its main characteristic. These cats are family, love to be with children. It is a lap cat. Its coat requires daily brushing regular baths are also suitable.
There are also the Himalayan Persians, these differ from the Persians in the fur. A Himalayan Persian Cat has all the features of a Persian but its fur is similar in color to the Siamese. A Himalayan presents the same variants of color as the Siamese, and may be called according to the color of the distal parts (blue, red chocolate, lilac, etc.).
Himalayan cats have blue eyes, color or colorpoint point must be in their ears, legs, back and tail, and the rest of the coat should be white or cream. The most common color include: chocolate, lilac, cream, flame, hawksbill turtle shell, Lynx, blue.
Persian cats are quiet, it tells them Tigers of the sofa because they love to sleep and rest. This breed of cat requires great care and dedication by the owners.
His breeding is difficult, the gestation period is approximately 64 days and the litter is of few offspring, usually two or three. Kittens tend to spread around three months of the mother.
It is presumed by nature, it is the breed of cats with the character more quiet, calm and loving, affable nature, it makes with both humans and other animals.
It has an exceptionally gentle and domestic temperament who has never known the typical wild instincts of cats relatives. It is quiet and it spends most of the day sleeping. He likes to flaunt her beauty.
3. What is PersianPersian is an adjective that is used to name him or what is originally from Persia. This nation, for its part, was in the area of the Middle East, which currently belongs to Iran.
The Persian term, can therefore be used to name the Empire and the culture of antiquity that unfolded in the mentioned region, or even the Iranian people. Persian is also the name of the language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and other Asian regions.
For example: "In these lands, the Persians fought countless battles", "Yesterday I visited an exhibition of Persian art that fascinated me", "I learned to say a few words in Persian during my last trip to Asia".
A Persian rug, on the other hand, is that which reproduces the characteristics of carpets made the Persians in antiquity. These textile elements were born as a protection against cold temperatures and, eventually, began to be established as true art objects that are noted for their designs and colors: "the stairs of the Palace was covered with a beautiful Persian carpet".
He is known as Persian market, on the other hand, commercial establishments formed by several stalls offering a wide variety of products: "this looks like a Persian market: you can buy from food to Electronics".
Persian cats, finally, are cats of flattened face the fur can exhibit different colors. This race, as its name implies, is originally from Persia and arrived in the Western world in the early decades of the 17TH century: "When I was a child, had a Persian Cat as a pet".