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Definition, Concept, Meaning, What is War
1. Concept of warThe war is the way to conflict more serious socio-political between two or more groups. It is perhaps one of the most ancient of all international relations, even if it becomes a phenomenon particularly with the beginning of civilizations. It is the organized confrontation of human armed groups, with the purpose of controlling human or natural resources, or disarmament, submission and, where applicable, destruction of the enemy, and are produced by multiple causes, among which tend to be the maintenance or replacement of power relations, resolve economic or territorial disputes.
In political science and international relations, the war is a political instrument, to the service of a State or another organization with political purposes.
According to Richard Holmes, the war is a universal experience shared by all countries and all cultures. According to Sun Tzu, "war is the greatest conflict of State, the basis of life and death, the Tao of survival and extinction. Therefore, it is imperative to study it deeply." According to Karl von Clausewitz, war is "the continuation of politics by other means".
The rules of war, and the existence of rules, have varied much throughout history. The concept of who are the combatants also varies with the degree of organization of opposing societies. The two most common possibilities are civilians taken from the general population, usually young men, in the event of a conflict, or welded professionals forming standing armies. There may also be volunteers and mercenaries. Combinations of several or all of these types of military are also frequent.
Ways to make a war depend on the purposes of the fighters. For example, in the Roman wars, whose objective was to expand the Empire, the main military objective were fighters of the nation to conquer, to incorporate the people once conquered the Empire.
At present, sometimes distinction is made between armed conflicts and wars. According to this view, a conflict would only be a war if the belligerents have made a formal declaration of the same. In a conception of the military doctrine of the United States.UU. does not distinction, referring to the armed conflict as fourth generation wars.
Definitions and conceptsAristotle said that the war would only be a means in view of peace, such as work in view of the entertainment and action in view of thinking.
The war, says the Marquis of Olivart, is the dispute between Nations that defend their rights, which is the judge force and serves sentence as a victory. Hugo Grocio it defined as status per vincertatium qua such sunt. For his part, Alberico Gentilis stated that Bellum est armorum publicorum ensta contentio. Funk - Britain and Alberto Sorel wrote: "the war is a political act by which various States, and can not reconcile what they believe are their duties, rights or interests, resorting to armed force so that it decide which among them, being stronger, can in reason of force, impose its will on others."
Joseph de Maistre (1821) said, at their soirées de Saint Petesburg: "war is divine in mysterious glory that surrounds him and the no less explainable attraction that leads towards her. The war is divine by the way is produced independently of the will of those who are struggling. The war is divine in its results which are quite beyond the reason."
G.W.F Hegel wrote: "the war is beautiful, good, Holy and fruitful; create the morality of peoples and is indispensable for the maintenance of their moral health. Is in the war where the State is closer to its ideal because it is then when the life and property of the citizens are more closely subordinate to the conservation of the common entity "."
The Sweden International Peace Research Institute, defines war as all of that armed conflict which meets two requirements: deal with at least one force military, whether against one or more other armies or against an insurgent force and thousand or more people died.
2. Definition of warThe word war has Germanic origin, "werra", which means fight, discord, tumult. And the term refers to the struggle or armed conflict between two or more Nations or sides of one nation; as well as combat, dissent among two or more people.
The war has been a habitual means of problem solving among groups throughout our centuries. A war begins when you leave the dialog and appears violence; all with the aim of submitting to others, which is transformed into "enemy" to our will.
A war unfold a series of ideological, political, social, economic, and military; many are the reasons for it include the lust for power of the person or group, own a territory, religious or moral issues, etc.
When a war takes place as well know groups loaded weapons, that today have evolved and are more dangerous for humanity; Science and technology allows the use of new weapons and materials, nor can forget the refinement of methods of espionage and logistics systems and communication.
There are many consequences bringing the wars, one of them are great human and material, serious losses and serious political and economic disruptions sometimes lack of food, medicines, clothing and housing, among other consequences.
The war can refer to many types, we have the civil war, which occurs between opposite sides of a country; the world war, which is a military confrontation involving countries from different continents; the holy war, where religious grounds into action.
Chemical warfare, where there is the use of chemicals that can disperse over wide expanses in the form of dust, gases, vapors or aerosols, damaging the health of the living being and the environment; nuclear war, which refers to the use of nuclear weapons; the dirty war, where it is employed coercive or violent illegal actions by the State or paramilitary groups, among others.
3 Meaning of warThe war can be described as an armed struggle between two or more States, or between areas of the same country (civil war). Also called war the violent opposition between two or more people by different interests. What triggers a war are many, but most of the conflicts of humanity had origin in religious issues, as for example, the Crusades, or territorial expansions, such as the expansion of the Roman Empire, the conquest of America or the first world war. Other crucial issues of wars are the ambitions of power, or economic causes.
Two world wars events to mankind in the 20th century and determined the creation of the United Nations, to try to settle international conflicts and not become armed clashes. However the war is as old as man and threat with accompany him in his time on earth while it lasts.
The wars for freedom were common in the colonies against their metropolis. The cry of freedom and equality, was the one who shouted the French against the nobility and monarchical absolutism
Cold war called the period that faced the capitalist world and the Socialist in the 20th century until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, where there was no armed action, but both blocks were preparing for hostilities.
The offensive war is one where a party begins the hostilities. The defensive war is that organizes the party attacked in the exercise of his right of Defense. Francisco de Vittoria Dominican jurist born in Burgos in the year 1486, considered the defense as just war. Instead the war of aggression only will be fair to Vittoria if he is declared by a legitimate authority, that he is with consensus and for the good of his people; for a just cause, that would be the violation of natural rights; in order to achieve peace.
The bacteriological war is used as a means of attack lethal bacteria.
4 Synonym for warThe conflict more serious socio-political which may arise between two or more number of human groups is called Guerra. In fact, the total of the existing international relations, considered as the oldest. So you get to be so it is imperative that any organized confrontation between armed groups carry out. Generally, are carried out with objectives and different purposes, such as the control of human or natural resources, the destruction of the band enemy, submission or disarmament. With respect to the causes by which they are triggered, you can quote change or maintenance of power relations, either or solve disputes, whether these political, economic or territorial order.
According to the way that can take a war, it can be classified in different ways. For instance, which gives course certain nation holding that another is preparing to attack it, is it called preventive war. For graficarla, we can refer to the invasion carried out by the United States to Iraq at the time. Meanwhile, that involves to the inhabitants of a country or territory is called Civil War. The peculiarity in these cases is that no foreign country is involved in the conflict and as an example, can go to the shocks that tend to occur in Colombia between the paramilitaries, the army and the guerrillas. For its part, is clearly mobilized by religious affairs, is considered holy war.
On the other hand, both in international relations and political science, war is regarded as a tool or policy instrument that should be at the service of an organization for political purposes, or to the State. At the same time, as defined by Carl von Clausewitz, a Prussian major military, war is not anything other than the continuation of politics by other means.
Synonym of war
Taking into account as explained and mentioned above, the synonym of the term in question might be this: Twill, combat, conflict, confrontation, contention, scuffle, guerrilla, disputed, conflagration and shock among others.