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Definition of landscaping
1. Concept of landscapingThe landscaping is an artistic activity that has become very popular in recent years and which consists in modifying presenting the physical characteristics of a geographical terrain, whether urban or rural, to give it a special beauty and also create a cosy and beautiful landscape.
Now, those physical, visible and animated characters in a landscape that you can modify and manipulate include: flora and fauna that raw material in place, the forms presented by the terrain, intrinsic natural elements, the creations of human beings such as buildings, bridges, and abstract elements, the most important: the weather.
Then, from the introduction of some concepts own layout, creative and imaginative skills, a sharper quota of observation, the professional who is dedicated to this activity, which is known as a landscaper, is wilderness, such as parks or gardens, or the urban, with a mission to protect them and keep them and in addition to providing them an aesthetic particular which attractive for those who contemplate them or for users of the same.
The development of this profession requires expertise from disciplines such as Agronomy, architecture, ecology and sociology, since it works in conjunction with living beings and natural environments.
It should be noted that this activity and its outcome may well be considered as works of art, given that it will represent and express the feelings and ideas of the author.
As well we deployed above, in recent years, this activity reached a huge popularity and no doubt this a lot has had to see the need to rediscover the beauty of the landscapes and people move away a bit of the stress caused by the day-to-day activities and the 'city' landscape.
On the other hand, the word landscaping means artistic landscape photography and also that pictorial genre that is dedicated especially to represent landscape, i.e. the artist observes a landscape and then captures it in a drawing.
2. Meaning of landscapingLandscaping is a concept with two large applications. On the one hand, the term refers to art which consists of planning, design and conservation of parks and gardens. On the other hand, the notion is linked to the pictorial genre that focuses on the representation of landscapes (extension of visible soil from a site).
Landscaping, therefore, may be associated with the set of activities intended to modify the visible aspects of a land. The artist dedicated to this task is called the landscaper.
Landscape architects are responsible for working with living (such as plants, flowers and trees), natural elements (a river, a stream, a hill, etc.), human constructs (buildings, roads, bridges) and abstract issues (such as the weather conditions).
From the study of these factors, landscaping experts create an environment that is attractive on an aesthetic level. You can say that the manipulated landscape is the artwork from the landscape, since there expressed their ideas and feelings.
Apart from the artistic, Landscaper should also be ordered to protect the environment and ensure the sustainability of its design.
As a genre of painting, landscaping consists of the representation of nature scenes. Pictures or paintings with beaches, mountains and forests are examples of landscape architecture in fine arts.
Landscape architects, of all modes, not just painted natural images. Can we talk, in this sense, cityscapes (representation of cities, with its buildings, streets and residents) or dreamscapes (reflect images of dreams).
3. What is landscapingLandscaping is the activity intended to modify the visible, physical and emotional characteristics of a space, both rural and urban, which include: the living elements, such as flora and fauna, which is usually called gardening, the art of growing plants with the purpose of creating a beautiful landscape setting; natural elements such as the shape of the terrain, elevations or streams; the human elements, such as structures, buildings or other material objects created by man; Abstract elements, such as weather and light conditions; and cultural elements.
Landscape is etymologically derived from the French pays (country), which refers to a region, and the suffix "AJE" conferred by action at the end. Landscaping refers to the action of making country, the sense of belonging, to the identity of the inhabitants conferred by the environment from which they come. Such is the relevance of this concept to historically and even in our days, to be exiled, deported and even immigrant is a condition of rootlessness that produces aflicion. In contrast to the power of art with the same name, not only modern landscaping uses the visual, but the multidimensionality of the same: high, width, depth and time. .
The landscaping is both art and science and requires good observation skills and skills of design, as well as planning, creativity, organization and imagination. May also be defined as a rational process by which man uses nature as a tool to express themselves, at the same time that get different benefits. It is a concept that encompasses parts of multiple disciplines such as Agronomy, architecture, sociology, ecology, art, etc., in small proportions to treat spaces taking into account both the volume and the time factor; Since working with living beings and processes they have.
The landscape is so ingrained in us that is part of our history and our culture. The need of people to tip over her is increasing, either to control pollution, such as de-stressing effect in contrast to the gray and accelerated cities, as recreation, or to try to preserve the beauty and the diversity existing. It is already not only see, but also from experience and live in a healthy and balanced manner.
Brief historical reviewWhile the origin of the landscape as we know it today stems from conflicts ecologicos-sociales product of the Industrial Revolution, the consciousness of the narrowness of man's relationship with nature there is always, one of the oldest written records is the garden of Eden in the Bible where it denotes the affinity of the "green" with "innocence"an outstanding example since it exposes the psychological need for the mastery of man over nature, which provides sustenance and harmony, surrounded by walls that protect it.
First of all the urban gardens were designed to provide certain foods and medicinal plants in limited portions of land that were sheltered in castles and monasteries which sought to feed themselves, already out for safety or to devote himself solely to religious contemplation without external distractions that characterized Medieval times, each plant had a symbolic value and they were cultivated by the monks: Roses represent the love of God, the lilies Virgin purity, Apple was the original sin, strawberries or Strawberry the Trinity because they did have a Trifoliate leaves, is clear that it had not been possible to reach this instance if it were not for the knowledge accumulated in terms of cultivation and divinity on vegetation and water use that EgyptiansPersians, Greeks, Romans and Muslims. With the disorderly growth of the Medieval town, the poor health state gave rise to pests and in consequence to the foul smell from the fermentation of the bodies and debris in the streets that could not be sanitized, was from this that the herbs were charged emphasis.
After the middle ages would be causing a greater expansion in the field of these gardens and Renaissance with more emphasis in search of pleasure and enjoyment, but always with boundaries marked and accessible only to the nobility.
Such was the value that acquired the garden, that possess it denoted power, maximum example are the gardens of Versailles in France, huge tracts of land far reached the view, with jets of water, defying the force of gravity and clipped plants perfectly with forms you need and at a height that would understand that there was nothing above or more than the power of the King. All noble who deigned to be it had to have a garden with the style that Le Nôtre had designed for the King Luis XIV between 1613 and 1700. Europe was invaded up to the excess of geometric gardens with flowerbeds, fountains and sculptures, it was policy that the British reacted to pose a completely opposite style, a style that rescued the organic lines of the nature, lakes, the species growing in all its splendor, but apparently was wild in the reality it was planned.
Quite the opposite concept was that adopted the Orientals, distinct location on the globe, different culture and way of seeing the world, therefore it was different as they assimilated their context. Find a harmonious place, with beautiful lush vegetation and planning housing from that, respecting the scenes which composed nature, images that are calculated would be seen by the front or a window, and finally the implementation of a given space to meditation, this was the Japanese garden.
It was with the French Revolution and the new model of democracy, that those intended for a few gardens were opened to the people giving rise to public parks.
The need of focus towards more green areas and provided services that meet this man is an existing fact, eventually arrive to fruition, but for this purpose it is necessary in our today will develop deeper analysis involving observation and education that transcends generations, since the construction process of the cities is long, hereditary and multitudinousIt cannot be relegated to just one social sector. Understand the needs of nature is to understand ourselves in many aspects, because ultimately even with our degree of evolution we do not allow to be part of the set that forms it.