Definition of penalty
1. Concept of penaltyThe latin poena, a penalty is conviction, the penalty or punishment imposed, a judge or a court, as stipulated by law, the person who has committed a crime or an offence. For example: "the murderer of Marta María has been punished with a penalty of imprisonment", "my son has to serve a sentence of five years in prison by scams".
According to the severity of the foul, there are different kinds of penalty. There are sentences that they deprive the subject of their freedom (and are forced to stay in jail or at home under house arrest regime), while others take any right or faculty (as the penalty that prohibit driving a traffic offender).
There are also penalties which act against the estate of the individual (confiscation or a fine) and even penalties with corporal punishment.
A penalty, on the other hand, is an internal condition or an emotional condition: "I feel sorry for you, you had to live very difficult situations," it makes Me sad that my uncle is not working ","It's a shame that Stephen can come to the party".
The death penaltyAlso called capital punishment or execution, the death penalty is based on murder of a person who has been sentenced by the State, in the case in which this has committed one of the so-called capital crimes. In many cases, this punishment has been applied both to criminals and those opposed to a particular political movement. To this day, it has been abolished and penalized ironically in the vast majority of countries, being Belarus, United States, Japan and India, some of the exceptions.
In places where still allowed this way of acting of such questionable morality, its purpose is to punish murders, acts of espionage, political treachery and alleged sexual offences, as it is the case of adultery or sodomy. As often happens in cases in which someone decides for the rest of the human beings and impose their ideas, there is a great ideological clash between those who accept and those who repudiate the death penalty. On the other hand, it is difficult to understand in some countries consider that killing is a comparable Act to reject a religion and that, as if both are out, deserving of death and humiliation.
Many times, the death penalty has been and is used as a means to frighten citizens, showing them what happens when you cross the limits established by the law. In 2007, the case of a Korean man who was shot before 150,000 people for trying to communicate with other countries was very solemn. The barbaric act took place in a sports stadium, with the clear intention that all over the country to see him. Ironically, once finished the sad spectacle, six more people died because of avalanches.
Despite the degree of controversy unleashed this type of sentence, the human being is characterized by its fickleness, which a position can be reversed as soon as you alter certain factors that render her the less suitable for one. The same person who today opposes the death penalty, may be the first to demand it if one of your loved ones is attacked or murdered.
In several Latin American countries, the notion of penalty refers to modesty, shyness or withdrawal: "Felicitas given penalty parade in underwear", "Javier felt grief and flushed after having confused the name of the wife of his boss," "it makes Me sad to do such a thing".
2. Meaning of penaltyOnce again we are on site to address an noun feminine. On this occasion, the word that brings us together comes, etymologically speaking, from the latin poena, which keeps the same meaning. If one takes the Manual Sopeña illustrated encyclopedic dictionary, you will find different meanings for this word, penalty. The first argues the following: tax fair punishment who has committed misconduct or crime.
Furthermore, it should be noted furthermore that punishment is the means which the State has to react, precisely, the crime. In this sense, should be added that the law that regulates the crimes is often commonly called criminal law. At the same time, the penalty is usually taken as a sanction, which result in the restriction or loss of personal rights, to reach not only thing provided in law, but also imposed by the Court. That usually runs through a process to that person who is responsible for having committed some unlawful or offence. To illustrate, we would say: my neighbor's grandson has to serve a sentence of 10 years in prison for committing scams.
On the other hand, there are different types of penalties, namely: the cash, the body, the deprivation of rights and the deprivation of liberty. The first directly affect the heritage that has been punished, usually through bonds and fines, for example. The latter include the death penalty and to torture. Third, are some faculty which clipped the punished individual (impossible you lead, for example). While the fourth are linked with the exile, house arrest or prison.
On the other hand, in the second of their meanings, the Manual dictionary of the Spanish language (Editorial Larousse) describes: feeling of pain, suffering or sorrow that causes in a person something unfortunate or adverse. For example: generates me very sad to see Yani, sad, enfermito; She was always a bitch, very cheerful and restless.
Synonym of penaltyLet us now review the synonyms the term in question boasts: fine, punishment, penalty, corrective, judgment, penalty, punishment; bitterness, pain, sorrow, grief and sadness, among others.
3. What is PenaltyThe sentence Word supports several references in our language.
In the field of the law, the penalty is the punishment imposed by a competent authority to any individual who has committed a crime or been unobserved a norm. Basically, the penalty in this regard is the main tool which offers a nation to counteract crime.
When the authority imposes a penalty, immediately after are restricted individual rights and freedoms of him who commits the offence. For example, a murderous person to another and as a result is put on trial. If the authority finds it guilty of the fact will be sentenced to prison for x amount of years which means the loss of freedom.
In addition to the punishment, seeks penalty to serve as a rehabilitation of the person, generating a mechanism of inhibition of criminal actions, once you have reinserted in society or community.
Meanwhile, the branch of law that regulates this type of penalties is criminal law.
For its part, is called capital punishment to that sentence which the Court decides that the culprit be executed, or pay the penalty with his own life.
In another order of things totally different penalty involves very common mood among individuals that is the sadness at the situation that is experienced or facing anyone who wants to. Also to that which raises the Peña designates it is that way.
Another frequent use that is attributed to the word is synonymous with difficulty. After so much pain he found love.
And in some colloquial uses the word penalty implies embarrassment or shyness presenting someone as a salient feature of his way of being.
Also, we can find several popular expressions containing the word such as: without penalty or glory (use it to designate what happens without highlighting it), worth (when recognized was that something that cost effort well worth it by implying), barely (we use it when you get something with great complication), of penalty (we use it to refer that very bad) and be made of a penalty (when someone is tired or is in poor condition as something).