Definition, concept, meaning, what is Nature reserve
1. Concept of nature reserveA nature reserve or ecological reserve is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora or fauna or geological features of special interest which is protected and managed by man, for the purpose of conservation and to provide opportunities for research and education.
The first country in the world that had a natural sanctuary was Sri Lanka, when the King Devanampiya Tissa ordered in the 3rd century BC the protection of wildlife in the surrounding area of the town of Mihintale. However, cultural practices that amounted to the establishment and maintenance of areas reserved for biota, including fish, aquatic birds or other animals have existed since remote antiquity. They may have been religious as "cursed forests" in some regions of Africa where humans should not go under penalty of attacks by spirits. There has also been a sacred taboos prohibiting the entry of humans into places. Such bans exist in various parts of the world.2
In modern times, it is considered that Drachenfels was the first nature reserve. Prussia bought the land in 1836 to put an end to mining was carried out in the area. The first large-scale reserve was Yellowstone National Park, followed by the Royal National Park near Sydney, Australia and the Il' novoil'menskiy zapovednik of Soviet Union in 1920. This is the first of its kind to be a reserve created by a federal Government for the scientific study of nature (Weiner, Douglas. 1988. Models of Nature: University of Pittsburgh Press. Page 29).
Today, a very important group of scientists and Argentine researchers and other countries, promote the creation of a nature reserve in Paramillos of Uspallata, Argentina. The place is very notable for its rich history (the ruins of the old mines, already exploited by the incas and the Darwin route, with the fossil Araucaria forest that bears his name), palaeontological, panoramic, and flora and fauna, among other values.
2. Definition of nature reserveA nature reserve, also designated as ecological reserve, is that area within a territory, which is protected because it holds immense importance for the maintenance and development of the flora, fauna and wild life of the place in which it is located. Or failing that, might magazine of great interest for geological features that presents, so therefore it is protected and owned especially by men. Meanwhile, in both cases, conservation and protection, in addition to its perpetuation, are held so it can also be a benchmark in the field of research and education in the future.
From the earliest times, man, said this concern to maintain and ensure its biomes, i.e., because otherwise, from not given attention to them, unfortunately, as there are other individuals who do not feel that same sense of conservation, the same, obviously, would be serious dangers if side-stepping to the side and without any kind of maintenance or control.
There are nature reserves in almost all countries of the world. Nature reserves can be determined by State institutions that are dedicated to these purposes of preservation of the flora and fauna of their country, although there are also non-for-profit, independent, dedicated to determining them. Usually are divided into different categories according to the degree of protection they need and that it is determined in advance by the laws of each nation. For example, national parks, wilderness areas, scientific reserves.
For example, one of the most important natural reserves of South America is located in Argentina, known as the Buenos Aires ecological reserve, the mentioned is located on the East side of the Argentina Capital, in the neighborhood of Puerto Madero and turns out to be one of the largest green spaces are there in the country.
In the decades of the 1970s and 1980s existed some projects to build there itself one of the stretches of a highway, while abandoned once projects with AWE began to observe how in this area we spontaneously developed different ecosystems native, such as pastures, lakes, forests of willows, acacias, which are owners of a remarkable richness in flora and fauna. Of course, the building plans were completely aborted and today all residents and visitors to the city can enjoy the beautiful and natural landscape is just minutes from the downtown.
3. Meaning of nature reserveNature reserves were created to preserve the natural habitat of the human action, and keep it as close as possible to its original state, with the changes in the ecosystem, as a way of safeguarding it from extinction, and to study it in order to advance knowledge and biological and scientific research in general.
Creating nature reserves is a decision of environmental policy, and the character of such is declared by law, leaving out the particular domain, to be public State property, in order to protect the flora, fauna or any representative and peculiar geological sample. Even though from antiquity was preserved in order to hoard them and study them, it was with the development of the industrialization in the 19th century when the reserves and parks began to proliferate.
They are areas smaller than parks national, sometimes placed in these surroundings to protect and develop the attention of visitors to the parks in those areas. In the area of nature reserves can play sports, activities commercial, agricultural and industrial, mining being exempted, and can settle population for example, for tourism, unless they alter the ecosystem.
In both cases (parks and resrvas) it is areas with great beauty or attractiveness much value for science, but in the natural reserves or natural hit conditions to declare them parks national or ex profeso annexed them to a park so that people could stay there and carry out recreational activities, to promote tourismwithout compromising national park.
In natural or ecological reserves is forbidden introduce exotic fauna, hunting and fishing, which in the latter case, be subject to Regulation; It is Yes you prohibits fishing for commercial purposes.
An example of nature reserves include "El Vizcaíno" in Mexico, where is located the gray whale sanctuary, or the national reserve in Formosa (Argentina) created in 1968, where are protected forests, and species of fauna as bears anthills, tatu carts, caimans and Capybaras, among others.