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Definition of relative
1. Concept of relativeWe use the word relative to designate a person who is part of our formal family since it has a loop of consanguinity with us.
Meanwhile, although it is a term that has several synonyms, without a doubt, that more use is the family, which is also used to refer to a member of our family.
Now, relatives, family members, presented a bond of kinship, inbreeding, which just makes the individuals that have been linked to do so by a tie of blood, which is the same thing to say that they have a shared ancestor.
In terms of the proximity that presents the kinship, it is determined taking into account the number of generations that separate the relatives in question and it is measured in degrees. For example, first degree (parents and children) and second-degree (grandparents, grandchildren, brothers and brothers-in-law).
Meanwhile, the Organization of the blood bond is organised through kinship lines such as: straight line (this includes the degrees of individuals who descend each other), straight line upward (involves the union of someone who is descended in a direct way: father, grandfather, great-grandfather and great-grandfather), descending straight line (marking the union of someone with their ancestors(: son, grandson, great-grandson, great-great grandson) and collateral line (involves varying degrees of individuals who share a parent: brother, uncle, cousin).
That is, grades are generations, being the father that clinches first place in regards to upward straight line and bonding with his son. There is a generation while that between grandchild and grandparent will exist two generations between father and son and by case will talk about second grade.
In the specific case of the collateral line, to know the degrees between relatives it is necessary to add grades to the common bond, for example, the grade between cousins is the fourth, because the third will be the nephew, preceded by the second which is the brother.
But also, it should be noted, that in colloquial speaking parts use the word relative is used to refer to the husband to his wife, and vice versa. How goes your relative? Time ago that does not come to the club...
2. Meaning of relativeThe relationship can be defined in two ways: in its strictly United by community blood and its broadly the relationship or union of several people by virtue of the nature or law; in particular, it can be said that the kinship
(...) It is the legal relationship that exists among the descendants of a common parent, between a spouse and the relatives of other consort, or between the adopter and the adoptee.
Gallegos, 2006, p. 651
Forms of kinship
The relationship between two people can occur in four different ways:
Relationship of consanguinityThe relationship of consanguinity or kinship is the relationship that exists between persons United by a bond of blood, i.e. having at least one parent in common. The proximity in the relationship by consanguinity is determined by the number of generations that separate the two relatives, and is measured in degrees, corresponding each degree to the separation between a person and their parents or children.
For Efrain Moto Salazar, kinship is the set of relations that are established between people who descend each other or a common parent.
These blood kinship links are organized into lines of kinship, formed by a consecutive series of degrees, among which we can distinguish:
• Straight line: the existing series of degrees among people who descend from each other.
or straight line ascending: someone joins those who descends directly: parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, great-grandparents, trastatarabuelos...
or descending straight line: linking the ancestor with those who descend on him directly: children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, grandchildren, trastataranietos or choznos...
• Collateral line: the existing series of degrees among people who have a common parent, without descending from each other: brothers, uncles, cousins...
This is regulated in Article 915-918 of the Spanish DC and in article 27 of the Chilean Civil Code.
Kinship of affinityThe affinity is the related link established between a spouse and the blood relatives of the other, or else, reciprocally, between a person and the spouses of relatives consanguineos.este requires a complete assume the responsibility of both spouses. The degree and the line of affinity are determined according to the degree and the kinship line. I.e., a person is relative by affinity of all blood relatives of your spouse in the same line and degree that this is of them by consanguinity. Reciprocally, the spouses of relatives of a person are relatives by affinity of this in the same line and degree that the relative with blood which are spouses.
The relationship between a group of blood relatives and the blood relatives of the spouse of one of them, which we might call «double affinity» (for example, the relationship between the consuegros or concunos, not generates kinship in Spanish law. I.e., marriage does not create a kinship between the relatives of one of the spouses and those of the other.
There is also the term "contrapariente" which means: relative of relatives: "it is not a direct cousin of mine, is a contrapariente because it is the cousin of my brother's nephew's cousin's uncle of sister Dad" so it is called a contrapariente.
Civil kinshipIt was known as agnatio, is a link purely between two people who live together under a same parental authority, i.e., that this link rests not on the identity of the blood, but the identity of the power.
The adoption established kinship, called «civil kinship» or through adoption, between the adoptee and the adoptive parent as well as the family of the adopter and the adoptee. In general, the relationship between an adopted member of the family is considered exactly equal that of a member of consanguineous origin, computing in the line of kinship in the same way as in the case of consanguinity.