What is the Meaning of Metallurgy?Coming from the Greek word μεταλλουργός Metallurgy is an art that involves the treatment of ores, extracting them metals in them content, removing impurities and then performing a physical or chemical process of development, focusing as well as alloys.
Metallurgy is a science and a technique which consists of obtaining useful ore, process it to obtain the metal, melting it, give way with moulds, and make it more malleable through alloys or hard. He was born in the South of the Caucasus, extending with ease, being Cyprus and Sardinia large metallurgical centers, at the end of the Neolithic period. Portugal and Galicia were very metal-rich areas.
Surely the first found metal has been gold, and copper ores, which extracted this metal were found in your search. Mixing it with Tin or antimony in no more than 10% found that harder was done.
With these techniques, they manufactured rings, bangles, awls, daggers and axes, used in combination with the stone. The first metal weapons were of copper. Mix nine parts of copper with Tin, bronze, appeared more malleable and hard. Adding antimony made it more flexible.
Iron Metallurgy was much more complex, since it requires very high temperatures. This material, to melt it and get steel, Metallurgy is called steel.
The smelter was growing and developing to become a large industry, which is done from the mining activity which, in turn, is carried out in the fields, where the minerals are extracted. Professionals dedicated to their progress as metallurgical engineers work in the metallurgical industries. They are manufactured for example, tubes of steel or aluminum plates.