Tripoli, Libya

Tripoli is the capital and the largest city in Libya, is located on the coast of Northwest, close to the border with Tunisia, remains until today one of the most beautiful cities along the Mediterranean. Almost 1,000 kilometres of coastline separate Tripoli from Benghazi, the second largest city of Libya. Between them lies the Gulf of Sirte, sometimes referred to as Gulf of Sidra. clip_image037
It has a population of about 1,700,000 inhabitants.Tripoli was founded by the Phoenicians, who called it OAS. Later, with the arrival of the Romans, the city acquired the status of the most important Roman city of the African continent.Despite centuries of Roman domination, the only visible Roman remains, are scattered columns and capitals, such as the Arch of Marcus Aurelius in the 2nd century.
The fact that Tripoli has been inhabited continuously, unlike Sabratha and Leptis Magna, has meant that the inhabitants have used the material of the old buildings destroying these buildings in the process, or incorporated into the top of them, burying them under the streets, where they remain largely unexcavated.
By the city they were going chronological and historically vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Spaniards, Turks, Berbers and Italians. The latter remained in Tripoli until 1951, year in which the country achieved independence. And in 1969 it assumed power Muammar Gaddafi, until the day of his death.
Tripoli is the economic bulwark of Libya. The center of banks, finance, and communication, as well as the trade and industry media. Many of the most important corporations in Libya have their headquarters in the city as well as most of the international companies engaged in food, especially fish, tobacco, textiles, bricks, salt and leather goods, and textile, building materials and clothing. Tripoli has become an attraction for tourism and foreign investment, as it can be seen in the constant arrival of boats and planes to the port of the city and its airport, the most important of Libya.
You will find the prestigious University of Al - Fateh, is a public University providing free education to the inhabitants of the city. Some schools and private universities have also begun to appear in recent years. Due to its long history, there are plenty of remarkable archaeological sites in Tripoli.It is one of the most modern, rich cities and with a higher standard of living of Africa.
The climate of Tripoli is Mediterranean, influenced and marked by the sea that bathes its coasts and which contrasts with the extreme temperatures in the South of the country, blighted by the proximity of the desert. Summers in Tripoli are hot with up to 29 ° C, and mild winters. The average temperature is between 9 and 18 ° C.
Since the increase of tourism and the arrival of businessmen with their families, has raised the demand for hotels,the Corinthia Bab Africa hotel located in the central business district was built has met these demands and becoming larger Libya hotel. Other major hotels are the Bab El Bahr hotel and the Kabir Hotel as well as other
Tripoli has a large number of interesting tourist sites:
The Tripoli Castle dating back to the 16th century, was the subject of numerous restorations and currently its octagonal construction dates of the fatamid era (XI s,), transformed into a church by the Crusaders and also additions of the Ottoman era.
The old town has many narrow alleys and "souks" where there are shops of weavers, craftsmen working copper and gold and leather goods manufacturers.
The great mosque, which dates back to the year 1294 was built in the place of a cross monument of the XII century the Cathedral of Santa Maria of the tower. Around a courtyard surrounded by porticoes rises a vaulted and domed prayer hall. The numerous plates inscribed, embedded in the walls of the Great mosque, supplied information about the monument, as well as the details of the daily life of the Mamluk period.
There are also other mosques in Tripoli that contain rich art treasures and some wonderful gardens of the 18th century, as for example the Mosque of Tainal , built in 1336 whose mausoleum is attached to the second prayer hall. The monumental gate that separates the two prayer halls is an axis, or the Medersa mosque, built in the course of the first quarter of the 14th century, is covered with cupolas on pendentives, with great richness of architectural decoration of the Mamluk period.
Interesting is also visiting the bath of Hammam al - built at the end of the 17TH century is the only bath still in activity in Tripoli. With its pomp of glass domes, illustrates the layout and the atmosphere of the public baths Mamelukes and Ottomans.
The modern city owes much to the architecture of the Italian period and has an elegant promenade and avenues lined with eucalyptus trees. It was bombed heavily during the Second World War, and in two years ago by the forces of the coalitions: France, USA, England...

Vía: visitandoelmundo

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