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Petra, a city with history

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Petra, Jordan, is one of the Seven wonders of the world. Capital of the ancient Nabataean Kingdom, is located nearly 200 km south of the Jordanian capital Amman. The name of Petra means stone, and its name is perfectly suitable; It is not a city built with stone, but carved and sculpted in stone.
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Petra is located east of the Arava Valley that stretches from the Dead sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Founded towards the end of the 7th century BC by the edomites, was occupied in the 6th century BC by the Nabataeans which made it thrive thanks to its location in the path chosen by caravans carrying spices and silks from India, Africa ivory, Pearl of the Red Sea and South of Arabia incense and other luxury goods between EgyptSyria, Arabia and South of the Mediterranean. Resin incense tree was coveted worldwide old as a religious offering, as well as medication.
To the 8th century, changing trade routes and suffered earthquakes, in the years 363, 419, 551 and 747, led to the abandonment of the city by its inhabitants. It fell into oblivion in the modern era, and the place was rediscovered for the Western world by Swiss Explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.
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Petra, built between abrupt and steep rocks, passageways or small canyons carved by water erosion over thousands of years. It had a safe water supply, what made that was an appropriate place for the development of a thriving town. The place is accessible only by a narrow path by Northwest, or mountain to the East through a Canyon of approximately 1.5 km in length and up to 200 meters in height, the Siq, the main entrance, which measures just two metres wide in its narrowest place.
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Petra is located in a region with a strong seismic activity: where is separates the Arabian plate of the plate Africa.Around Petra are rock-cut tombs presenting facades of the monastery Deirand Hellenistic type included the famous Khazneh . Twenty so-called rocks are also jinns that represent perhaps the gods watching over the city.
The Siq is also depicted often by his mysterious side and monumental as well as the Khazneal-FiraunPetra, central street. There is a theatre which was originally built by the Nabataeans in the 1st century, with a capacity of 3000 spectators, and was then extended by the Romans in 106 CE 8500 spectators. It had a semi-circular Orchestra and tiers in three levels superimposed Crescent-shaped.
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The Qasr al-Bint, was one of the major temples in the city and one of the few built structures, rather than carved in the rock. Destroyed by an earthquake, it was rebuilt later.
They often use the marble and granite in the ancient Nabataean and Roman temples. The "Byzantine Church", discovered in 1990, was built in the 5th century, it is North of the colonnaded Street. They are decorated with mosaics and tiles of glass and stone, sometimes covered with gold leaves.
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Travel to the city of Petra is one of the great heritage. The city of Petra is which gives higher profit from tourism to Jordan and is a wonderful destination for those who enjoy observing the ancient history. Petra is an unmissable destination, is especially identified for its buildings carved into the same rock, among which is the Temple of the winged Lions or the Treasury, where part of the movie was filmed in Indiana Jones and the last crusade.
It has two important museums. The first of these, the Petra archaeological museum is located in an ancient Nabataean cave in the Hill of al-Habis. It presents objects from different periods, edomites, and Romans. Established in 1963, his collection is being replaced after the opening of the Nabataean Museum. The second, opened in 1994 is the Nabataean Petra Museum. It helps to have information on the history of Petra and the Nabataeans and the geology of the region.
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Vía: visitandoelmundo

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