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Tripoli, Libya

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Libya is a country in North Africa. Its capital is Tripoli.Bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the North, to the West by Tunisia and Algeria, Niger, southwest to the South with Chad, to the Southeast with Sudan and East with Egypt.
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Libya in all the Mediterranean countries It has seen the passage of many cultures, including the Roman. The Italian rule over Libya lasted until the end of the Second World War, conflagration in which the territory witnessed the fight between the Afrika Korps of Rommel, by the axis, and the troops of Montgomery, by Great Britain.
At the end of the war the allies fail to agree on the future of the former Italian colony, which at that time was one territory more than five times larger than Italyitself. However, the population not surpassed one million, so it represented a destination appropriate for the remnant population of Italy that began looking for places to emigrate after the war.
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The mistrust between the West and the Soviet Union made that finally the UN decides to give independence to the country, leaving it in the hands of King Idris. Until the Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi took power in 1969 through a coup and introduced a regime of Socialist Government, which ended with his death.
Libya thus it becomes the first African colony to achieve its independence. Later the European powers lamentarían this fact, because it helped trigger the different struggles for African independence. In addition they lost for the last chance to build a State of European style in the South coast of the Mediterranean.
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The country is characterized by its large tracts of Saharan desert which cover the whole of the country with the exception of a narrow coastal strip, where the main population centres of the country, including its capital, Tripoli and Benghazi. In the region, this wilderness takes its name from the Libyan desert.
Libya has 1,770 km of coast on the Mediterranean Sea, but towards the interior of the country there is no presence of surface water. The territory is completely dry, but the ground it has reserves of water, huge in the South of the country, on the border with Chad. These reserves form a underground lake that covers an area equivalent to the total area of Germany.
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Libya's economy is based on oil, which constitutes almost all of its exports (95%). Libya belongs to OPEC since its foundation. Also there are industry related to the oil and refining, energy, as well as consumer goods, cement and textiles. The economy of Libya is the sixth of Africa, after the of South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt, Algeria and Morocco.
The predominant religion in Libya is mainly islam, since approximately 97% is located in this religion. Islam is the official religion of the State. The official language is Arabic, but also spoken Berber and Italian that is widely understood throughout the national territory.

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Vía: visitandoelmundo

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