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INCUNABULAFrom the latin, inucunabula, person in their early years or the band that is holding the children in their cribs. Became a figurative use of the concept the cradle of printing times books.
The expression was then used for all printed book before 1501.It is estimated they were 40,000 editions in some 1,000 Printers, among which appeared the Caxton, Jenson, Manutius and Johann Gutenberg (1397-1468), the first European who used movable types and who has been awarded the invention of the printing press in 1463 in Strasbourg, although the work developed it in Mainz. Incunabula are the development of the typeface in its gestation period.
Gutenberg had requested money from Johann Fust, who then it was all his possessions for lack of payment, thus continuing his original work. Fust preserved machines, but Gutenberg entered history. Color Peter Schöffer was the first impression in 1457.
PIONEER OF PRINTINGBefore the 15th century, Europe books were printed with the laborious process of cutting each page a block of wood. The advantage of movable type developed by Gutenberg was that it allowed unite any combination of characters, and then separate them and reattach them to the next print.
Technique responded to the demand for a means to disseminate knowledge and ideas quickly. The types were placed and the process was operated manually, by what it was slow work: other 350 years have passed until the first mechanical printing press.
The first printed characters were based on the handwriting of the time, but in 1470, was designed, especially for printing, the Romanesque type character.
Learn how to write calligraphy with linked letters, which became popular at the end of the 15th century; He taught in texts as the Operina of Ludovico Arrighi, in 1539. The printer Aldo shag based on it developed the italic character.
Learn to read books printed spread culture, but survived the old methods. This master of 16th-century practice saying "the lyric with blood comes"; Meanwhile, his wife teaches a child to read. Other two students reviewed books.