Chespirito - The Colorado grasshopper - Chespirito - El Chavo del Ocho
(1929/02/21 - 2014/11/28)
The Colorado chapulín
El Chavo del Ocho
Roberto Gómez Bolaños, known as "Chespirito" (Mexico City, February 21, 1929 - Cancun, Mexico, November 28, 2014) was an actor, comedian, playwright, writer, screenwriter, composer, director and producer television, creator and performer of El Chavo del 8 and the Grasshopper Colorado, among other characters.
He was the son of bilingual secretary Elsa Bolaños Cacho and painter, cartoonist and illustrator Francisco Gómez Linares. He studied mechanical engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, but never graduated.
His father, renowned painter of the era, died when he was six. His mother, who never knew the fame of the series El Chavo, died of pancreatic cancer.
He began his career as an advertising creative, which connected him with radio and television, which was, during the 1950s, an active writer. He also made several screenplays for the duo Chip and Capulina and briefly started acting with them spoiled Two servants in 1960. However, he continued to devote most of his time to writing, contributing dialogues and screenplays Mexican television programs.
His professional name, Chespirito, the film director Agustín P. Delgado must be derived from the diminutive of Peninsularized pronunciation of the name of William Shakespeare (phonetically Chekspir) due to the stature of Gómez Bolaños and the talent of this writing stories resembled those of Shakespeare.
Between 1960 and 1965, he wrote scripts for the two most watched programs on Mexican television: Comedians and songs as well as the study of Pedro Vargas, the Mexican Telesistema chain.
In 1968, the Independent Television began broadcasting in Mexico and Chespirito was called as a writer with the offer to use at will a half hour weekly charge. Thus was born The supergeniuses square table and his acting career.
In 1970, they extended their hours at a time and in a separate program. The same was called Chespirito and was born the character of Chapulín Colorado. A year later, Chavo appeared. Both men worked so well that the program was divided into two, devoting half hour each. A mid-eighties begins a short program called The buzzer based journalists, without much success series.
Despite being well known for his roles of Chavo and Chapulín Colorado, was also the creator of several characters more like Chómpiras, Dr. Chapatín, Vicente Chambón and Chaparrón Bonaparte. In an interview with Teresa Rodriguez, said he decided to add words with ch because it was used in "many obscenities in Mexico".
Despite recurring scripts, these programs became successes throughout Latin America, the US and Spain, largely thanks to the sympathy of the box actors of their programs, built at different times by Carlos Villagran, Ramón Valdés Florinda Meza, Rubén Aguirre, Edgar Vivar, Angelines Fernández, Raul Padilla, Horacio Gómez Bolaños and María Antonieta de las Nieves, who also found international fame.
In 1980, his sketches were reunited on a weekly hour program called under his pseudonym, and remained on the air until 1995.
He also starred in Mexican films, written and acted by himself as the Chanfle and The Chanfle 2 Mouse and Don Don Ratero, Charrito and Music of wind.
Outside their usual television characters, since 1992, represented in theater for several years the work 11 and 12, with which managed more than 28,000 functions.
In 2000, Televisa gives a tribute entitled "They did not have my cunning!" Commemorating the 30th anniversary of El Chavo del Ocho program.
In 2004 the Association of Art Critics (ACROARTE) of the Dominican Republic and the Dominican National Brewery give Sovereign International in recognition of his career in Latin American television and its many facets as a writer, screenwriter, actor, comedian and producer.
In 2012 a tribute called America celebrates Chespirito made by the same Televisa was performed. In one of the prsentaciones, the most moving was the interpretation of Thalía, Thanks, composed by Gian Marco where he approached directly.
On November 20, 2013, received the Waves Chespirito American Award for the most outstanding career in television.
Chespirito died at age 85 on November 28, 2014 in Cancun, Mexico at 14:30 (GMT-6) due to respiratory complications.