The sculpture is the art commissioned to create three-dimensional figures, for what its creators used multiple techniques and materials. The term sculpture comes from the Latin word "sculpere", which translates to the Spanish as "sculpting", and it's an art that has been found to be present throughout the history of mankind.
For his works, sculpture artists use multiple techniques which include welding, modeling, carving and casting.
One of the most ancient techniques is the size, present in this art from prehistoric times. Because of this, the size is considered to be the Supreme technique of sculpture and consists in shaping certain material by extracting, scraping and cutting its surface to achieve desired shape or form.
On the other hand, the widely used modeling technique is based on the use of soft materials, which, thanks to its flexibility, can take the shape that the artist you want to give. One of the materials most used for this technique is the clay, as well as the wax throughout history has also been used. In order to give a more resistant to this type of material, often created works are cooked, such as with clay. However, the technique that allows more resistant sculptures is emptying. The drain consists of cast in bronze or some other metal work. For this is necessary to use previous like sand or lost wax techniques in order to obtain a negative of the final sculpture, which will be achieved through the emptying of the metal.
Another technique of sculpture, widely used by the famed artist Pablo Picasso, is the construction and assemblage. This technique consists of something similar to collage, where different roles are stuck and other types of materials in order to achieve a particular work, in this case, a sculpture.