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Shape of the universe | Earth, Solar System and Universe.

The shape of the universe is an issue very important for cosmology, since the final destination of the own universe depends on the form that has. However, it is still impossible to find out. clip_image001
The shape of the universe depends on its density, i.e. the amount of mass and energy. The problem is that we don't know which size has the universe or how much energy and matter there are in total. So we can not calculate its density.
Einstein's theories posed three possible ways: closed, open, or flat. Although the shape of the universe continues to be an enigma, the majority of scientists believes that it is almost flat.
Type of universe Density Form Final destination
Closed universe
High
Spherical
Collapse and Big Crunch
Open universe
Low
Saddle
Cooling and Big Chill
Flat universe
Critical
Flat
Slowed down expansion

The shape and fate of the universe

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The universe can have three possible ways:
Closed universe: if there is too much matter and energy, the density is very high. The universe curve inward and will shape of sphere. It will be a finite universe. Gravity will be stronger than the expansion, all matter will be grouped, and the universe will collapse. This end is called the Big Crunch.
Open universe: the density of matter and energy is too low, the universe is curve outward. It will take the form of a saddle. It will be an infinite universe, infinite expansion. Gravity will be so weak that there can be no stars, planets, or even atoms. Matter will be separated and will disintegrate until being reduced to elementary particles. The universe will cool and die. This end is called the Big Chill.
Flat universe: if the amount of matter and energy is adequate, the density will be balanced. It is what is called the critical density. Then the universe is flat. Gravity and expansion will be in balance. The universe expands, but more and more slowly.
Today it is believed that the universe is almost flat, but there are still many doubts, it is shown that the universe is expanding ever faster, and this seems like a contradiction with the theory.

Translation for educational purposes authorized by: Astronomía: Tierra, Sistema Solar y Universo

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