Motivation is a widely used concept, however, psychology makes it own definition that the famed psychologist of the United States, Abraham Maslow, makes this concept and the division that makes it at different levels. The motivation is defined as the reason why an individual performs certain activity or action, behaving as one of the causes of some Act.
Motivation may include in it both impulses conscious and the unconscious, thus, is possible, starting from psychology, reference of the primary and secondary motivations. The first are those that relate to the satisfaction of basic human needs such as eating, breathing, drinking, among others. On the other hand, secondary character motivations are those that meet needs of social order, as is the case of affection or achievement. As you might assume, is the requirement to achieve the satisfaction of primary motivations in order to achieve to satisfy the secondary.
As already mentioned, when speaking about motivation in psychology the first thing that comes to mind is the theory proposed by Abraham Maslow. However, many have been currents of this discipline that have tried to develop this concept, including Behaviorism, whose followers pose that there is a certain minimum amount of stimulation that predisposes individuals to act in a certain way in order to try to eliminate the stimulation in question is located. Under this approach, paramount would be the State of no stimulation. From another perspective, cognitive theory raises human need optimize stimulation and not cancel it. In this way, many streams of Psychology attempt to explain the phenomenon of motivation.
As already mentioned, Abraham Maslow designed the famous "motivational pyramid" in which the motivation is divided into six levels that explain the determination of the Act of man. On the first floor are physiological needs, then the security to move then to feelings of belonging and love needs. Fourthly, it is possible to meet the needs of prestige, competition, and esteem, while on the fifth floor are the needs of self-realization, and finally, the need for curiosity and understand the world around.