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Neoclassicism is an artistic movement that is revealed to the classicism of the late Baroque period. Not again look to nature and what is national, as the classical if not directly directed to classical antiquity. In the literature, where the movement began, they take the poetry as something immutable and rigid rules of Aristotle and Horacio. In architecture and other arts classical proportions in the construction were the norm, then we find buildings with Greek-style columns and keeping the proportions of the rectangle of gold (where the division between the greater and the lesser side gives the number aureo that roughly equal to 1,6180339887... because it is an irrational number).
It is common to find buildings such as theatres with niches, alluding to the muses of art together with great writers of the time like Cervantes and Petrarca. Boilau in France, Luzan in Spain and a little later Gravina and Muratori in Italy are responsible for doctrinal content to this antibarroco movement known as neo-classicism. The universality that sought to give to the culture feels like a return to the ideals of the Renaissance and with this Universalists was a curious kind of complement to the absolutist mentality of the moment, the King's word was law in the same way that the word of the old was classic.
Neoclassical artists were very despots with their creations and demonstrated a dicks as I say enough was complemented with the monarchical absolutism. However there are differences own of movement in which rules to follow. In painting and sculpture become to represent scenes from mythology and the history of Greece and even in Rome with the faces of noble and modern characters, who often pose dressed in the clothes of the time.
The ideal of beauty also returns his eyes to Greek styles and we see women something weight passes but keeping proportions very nice, to use this example. Neoclassicism is revealed to the Baroque and especially to the rococo, but on his return to the Greek antique becomes as rigid as the same Baroque which if we are honest is a phenomenon that they experience all of these movements.