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(1936/12/17 - Unknown)


Jorge Mario Bergoglio

Pope of the Catholic Church

Born December 17, 1936 in Buenos Aires in a modest family.

Son of a railway worker of Piedmontese origin, Mario Bergoglio, and Regina María Sívori, housewife. He inherited his father's passion for the San Lorenzo soccer club.

Young worked cleaning the floor of a flower shop and as nightclub doorman. He studied at industrial high school E.E.T Nº 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen, receiving the title of technical chemical. He lives with a lung since age 20, when he underwent an operation. However, except a little limiting his respiratory capacity, does not affect it their quality of life. At age 21, he decided to become a priest.

On March 11, 1958 he joined the novitiate of the Society of Jesus at the barrio of Villa Devoto Seminary. He obtained a Bachelor's degree in philosophy and studied Humanities in Chile. Between 1964 and 1965 was Professor of literature and psychology at the College of the immaculate conception of Santa Fe, then opt for theology in the colegio 'San Jose', in San Miguel.

He was ordained a priest on December 13, 1969. Since then, he made a long career within the order which came to be «provincial» from 1973 to 1979, during the military dictatorship in argentina. I try to maintain at all costs the unity of the Jesuit movement, influenced by the theology of liberation, under the slogan "keep no politicization of the society of Jesus".

They move to Germany to get his doctorate and his return resumed pastoral activity as priest in the province of Mendoza.

He was consecrated titular bishop of Auca on May 20, 1992, to serve as one of the four auxiliary bishops of Buenos Aires. Later he was Bishop coadjutor of the same on June 3, 1997. He received the post of Archbishop of Buenos Aires on February 28, 1998. Then I was not living in the Palace of Cardinals, but in an ordinary apartment. It was going to work every day by bus. And the food was. During the consistory of February 21, 2001, the Pope named John Paul II Cardinal of the title of san Roberto Belarmino. It is also Primate of the Argentina.

Member of CAL (Commission for Latin America), the Congregation for the clergy, the Pontifical Council for the family, the Congregation for divine worship and the discipline of the sacraments, the ordinary Council of the General Secretariat for the Synod of bishops, the Congregation for institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life.

Fond of literature of Jorge Luis Borges, Leopoldo Marechal , and Fyodor Dostoevsky and lover of opera. With prestige for his intellectual gifts and within the Argentine episcopacy is considered a moderate among the more conservative prelates and the "progressive" minority.

He washed feet to AIDS sufferers, ate with the poor. It criticized capitalism, consumerism and the perverse logic of the market economy. Being Cardinal opposed Bill of marriage between people of the same sex. Jesuit Orthodox dogmatic issues. July 9, 2010, days before its adoption, was published a note his qualifying as a "war of God" that project, which contemplated that gay people may marry and adopt children. Also choco on other occasions with the Governments of Nestor and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, with its criticism over corruption and poverty.

Member of the Conference Episcopal Argentina, of which he was President on two occasions, and CELAM (Latin American Episcopal Council).In the Holy See was a member of the Congregation for divine worship and the discipline of the sacraments; of the Congregation for the clergy; of the Congregation for institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life; the Pontifical Council for the family, and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America.

It was mentioned as one of the best positioned prelates to succeed Juan Pablo II, being the main rival of Ratzinger in the 2005 Conclave. In March 2013, Jorge Bergoglio was one of two Argentine Cardinals participating in the conclave to choose the successor of Pope Benedict XVI.

After at least four votes and two black fumatas, the 115 Cardinal electors, tipped the vote in their favor and the 13 March 2013 was elected Pope 266. Took the name of Francisco, becoming the first Latin American and the first member of the society of Jesus to lead the Catholic Church. The white smoke rose over the sky of Rome to the 19.08.
Management
December 13, 1969
by Ramón José Castellano

Episcopal consecration
on June 27, 1992
by Antonio Quarracino

Cardinal proclamation
on February 21, 2001
by John Paul II

Pope of the Catholic Church
on March 13, 2013

Predecessor
Benedict XVI
Translated for educational purposes.
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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