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Deformities of the feet in children: how are corrected

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Feet flat, claw, Club... Meet deformities of the feet more frequent in children, how they can prevent and correct, and what should be the ideal footwear for baby starting to walk.

Deformities of the feet in children

They deformities of the feet in children are a common reason for consultation with the pediatrician: feet flat, claw, Club... Although some of these deformities were detected at birth, in the majority of cases patents from the year of age, will be made when the small start to walk, and parents should be especially vigilant at the moment, because if the problem is not corrected in time you can have negative consequences for the health of your child.
The feet are essential in order to run our daily functions: allow us to support the weight of the body and movement. Although rarely think about it, the foot is a complex network of bones, muscles and tendons, in which each part has a specific function, whose equilibrium depends on that we can walk normally.
If any of these parts is altered and affects the whole of the foot, its function may be worse off, giving rise to problems walking. When the child is learning to walk and makes it improperly because it has trouble on the feet, are overloaded some muscles, legs, and back, and can produce alterations of the March, and even scoliosis (deviation of the spine).
A deeply rooted idea is that shoes can help to properly shape your feet and prepare them to achieve optimum functionality. For this reason, it is common that parents buy their children from a few months of age most expensive shoes on the market thinking will thus help the child to walk better. However, the majority of Orthopedic surgeons have a different view: the optimal development of the feet is achieved in an environment in which unused footwear, although the social circumstances in which we live make this virtually impossible.

How to correct deformities of the feet in children

The most common feet in children deformity is the flat feet, followed by the claw feet. If you detect that your son has a strange walking form, spend quickly the soles of shoes, or complains of frequent cramps, consult your pediatrician. Most of queries have a device called podoscopio which is clearly observed the shape of the sole of the foot and a more accurate diagnosis can be made.
Many specialists believe that corrective insoles and orthopedic shoes are not always effective, because they supplement the function that does the foot, but not help you change only. A few years ago it was very common that children use insoles in shoes, but the trend is the opposite, and used increasingly less and only the more important. Templates for flat feet include a reinforcement that favors the creation of an arch on the floor and, on the other hand, the templates for cavus flatten the sole of the foot.
In the case of flat feet, there are a number of simple exercises that get to the child's foot is go to strengthen itself only. Walking barefoot on the sand, or on any soft ground, help the foot to become stronger, to tone up muscles and ligaments, and get claw missing. It is also good to dance, run, or ride a bike. Only 2% of children's flat feet require surgical treatment, which is reserved for the most serious cases in children older than 10 years.

What should the baby footwear that starts to walk be

The best way to make children learn good walk and good tone muscles and ligaments is that barefootdo so. In this way, the arch plant you are defining little by little, and arriving at the 2-3 years already gone flat foot. However, in the society we live it is virtually impossible to leave a child walking barefoot long, but care must be taken that you walk occasionally barefoot at home, avoiding contact with cold surfaces, and paying attention to sharp objects that may cause accidents.
When Choosing a shoe for baby starting to walk, we have to bear in mind that its main function is the protect foot injuries, humidity and temperature, and not the shape of the small toe. The main requirements that must be met are:
· Very rigid and narrow shoes that leave no freedom on the foot that can be cause of deformities and mobility impaired.
· The ideal shoe should be lightweight, flexible, porous, flat and without exaggerated heel lift.
· The sole should be flexible but not in excess, and with good adhesion to the ground so that the child can use it easily. Avoid materials that are slippery.
· The sides of the shoe should be firm, with rounded or quadrangular, not narrow tip
· It is preferable that the ankle is free, and change size until start you to press ahead.
It is important to remember that we should never force your baby to walk ahead of time, and each one has their own pace. The walkers and tacatas are discouraged as frequent cause of accidents. In addition, the best shoe is not the most expensive, but which better adapts to the foot of our baby.

Main types of deformities of the feet in children

Although there are many types of deformities in the foot, we will focus on the most common: flat feet, claw feet and clubfeet.
· Flat feet: consists of the loss of arco naturale of the sole of the foot, so that what is supported is the entire plant. All babies are born with flat feet, longer arc plant does not develop until 2 or 3 years, when they have more than one year walking. Therefore, in one child under this age with flat feet there to do absolutely nothing, it is normal.
The cause of the maintenance of flat feet further than this age is muscle weakness and excessive laxity of ligaments that form part of the foot. Children may have symptoms like muscle cramps and pain in the twins, overload when walking. We will also notice that they are children that wear out the soles of shoes very quickly. At the onset of these symptoms, it is advisable to consult with your pediatrician, who will assess whether or not it is necessary a specific treatment.
· Claw feet: in this case it is the opposite that flat feet and the sole of the foot arch is excessively marked, with what the child support only the anterior and posterior part of the foot. The cause is a hypertonia of the muscles which exert tension on the dome of the arch plant, making it very charged. The symptoms that causes are tiredness on walking and being long standing. This type of disturbance is usually detected in the school-age and always has to consult a specialist, because it can be the manifestation of some most important muscular disease.
· Clubfeet: it is a less frequent but more serious than previous disturbance, and that tends to see already from birth. It is a malformation in which the feet are completely bent and rotated, with plants facing the middle line. If not you put remedy soon, the child is unable to walk because he has no support in the foot. It has genetic origin and usually associated to other alterations such as Dysplasia of hips and disorders of the nervous system. In this case, treatment should be initiated soon and often require bandages, different types of splints and orthopedic shoes, and even a correction surgery complete, which is not always achieved.
Article contributed for educational purposes
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