What is Abstract Art?
Art has always given a kind of dialogue in which an artistic movement born in response to another movement. It is said to be something abstract when you have existence independently to any reality that is known although you can link to any. Abstract art was created to oppose to figurative art and above all realism that sought to virtually take pictures of reality.
The abstractionist wanted to take an idea of any object, that which was so particular that closed it all (essence as it is called in philosophy) and they embodied it in the paintings and other forms of plastic completely unrelated reality. It becomes all of a visual language of forms, colours and emotions that cause the person. When one stops in front of one of these works never ceases to feel something towards them (even dislike), it is something very characteristic of this art one cannot be indifferent in front of him. Avant-garde as Expressionism, Cubism and Surrealism same movements are abstract elements and are born more or less at the same time that the photo.
This makes the art between in a kind of crisis because the purpose of art, capture the beauty, or more could do no more with a box and a few chemicals without having any notion of art itself. This crisis is solved mainly with movements that begin to seek another kind of beauty in the world, there the avant-garde movements. Within them abstract art is the endpoints for this new purpose. There are many artists that are considered precursors, including the same Paul Cézame, George Braque, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, and many others.
Within the purely abstract are Jackson Pollock, Piet Mondrian, Nicolas Staël and Juan Miró. It should be remembered that other movements such as surrealism have their own "ringtones" abstract, as it is the case with Juan Miró that it is regarded as one of the surrealist representatives most important. The line is rather difficult to establish in many cases.