What is a Bagpipe?
The bagpipe is a wind musical instrument basically consists of a tube inserted into a wineskin or bag that works as air reserve. Their sound is very particular, which has made it well-known worldwide and, although there are several types of bagpipes in several countries, usually relates to European countries such as Scotland.
Don't know exactly what is the origin of the history of the bagpipes. There are preserved the ancient Egyptian paintings that show very similar instruments. Other data show that the bagpipe was concerned by snake charmers in the North of India in the 8th century B.c. At that time it consisted of a wineskin with two tubes that later came to Rome, where it was refined to be occupied by infantry. The bagpipe was on the verge of disappearing, but was recovered by countries on the Atlantic coast of Northern Europe in the 9th century. The bagpipe continued editing between centuries XIII and XIV were added two refrains or grunts. During the Renaissance, it was a tool of artistic music and dance. Over time he wasn't a great evolution and became popular among the street artists. The bagpipe is a very important instrument in folklore.
Surviving bagpipes, highlight the English legacy of Northumbria, and the Scottish legacy: that of the lowlands, the Scottish bagpipe and the land high. The first three are different from the from the Highlands by a bellows powered by Piper that provides the air rather than providing it blowing.
Of the four aforementioned bagpipes, bagpipes in the Highlands of Scotland is the principal. It is comprised of a torch, which is a tube with a valve at the base which prevents air from escaping. The torch is a to the skin by a hollow piece of wood called seat that is attached to the skin; It has a nozzle of bone, ivory or plastic. The pointer is a flute-like element; It has seven holes on the front and one in the back for the thumb. Played Tenors, which are two tubes tuned to an octave lower than the pointer. The drone bass, which is a structure similar to the tenors, tuned two octaves lower than the pointer. The wineskin that is the bag that receives the air; It is made of leather and usually lined with plaid. Tabs, that inside the tubes vibrate with the air and produce sound.
The way of playing a bagpipe is blowing the structure called the torch, in order to inflate the wineskin that is then pressed so that air comes out of the pointer and the played. The sound is produced when the air passes by those structures by jarring the tabs that have. Countries where there are currently some kind of bagpipe are Asturias, Germany, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Scotland, Slovenia, France, Galicia, Aragon, Majorca, Wales, Greece, Hungary, Italy, England, Ireland, Macedonia, Portugal, Poland, Russia, Romania, Serbia, Sweden, Ukraine, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Arab countries, Israel, Borneo, China, Laos and Japan. Some important Pipers in the different types of bagpipes are Steven Barnett, Jori Chrisholm, Jack Armstrong, Tom Clough, Jonathan Davis, Kathryn Tickell, Ian Maclness, Carlos Nuñez, Cristina Pato, Susana Seivane, Per Gudmundson, Anders Norudde, Ronan Browne, Willie Clancy, Troy Donockley and Antonio Giordano, among others.