What is the Flute?
The flute is a musical instrument of wind, therefore the aerophones family. While it is made of metal, it is regarded within the family of woodwind instruments, which in the past was of that material. It has always been one of the most admired instruments.
The origin of the flute is very old. The history of the flute begins many centuries before Christ, when instruments in bone such as whistles, which were although did not seem to this instrument as if they were its predecessors. World civilizations used flutes of wood, bone and shells, in rites and ceremonies due a were associated with fertility. She was missing for a long time, but in 10th century they began again to be used. At that time, the flute was a wide wooden cylinder, with a clearer and stronger than the sweet flutes sound. In the 16th century, was one of the most popular in Italy instruments, and soon was also in England. During the following centuries, the flute underwent many changes, how to pass from one piece to three, as well as the incorporation of keys to improve your sound. In 1832, Theobald Boehm created the flute that we know today.
The flute consists of 67 cm long and 19 mm diameter tube. It is divided into three parts: head, body, and footer. It is equipped with 13 holes and one key for each. Thirteen holes are made for all the fingers of both hands, with the exception of the right thumb. The most common material of manufacture is sterling silver, but also there are nickel, gold, silver, titanium and Platinum. Some orchestras and soloists are still used beautiful traverse of wooden flutes. The metal is a material that has been used recently. It helps make the sound more brilliant and powerful. Some think that the material does not affect the sound of the flute, but the experienced flautists are able to distinguish the differences and many spend breathtaking sums of money in gold and ivory flutes.
The flute is played by plugging holes or keys with fingers to achieve the different notes. While the hands are technical and precise work, most importantly know well use a diaphragm so the air that is introduced to blowing, vibrate properly the components of the flute. The flautist must learn to manage the diaphragm to achieve perform nuances, touching forte or piano and crescendos and diminuendos. The vibrato is also done knowing use diaphragm, making it rock with much skill. It is said among flutists, that muscle is what makes the flute to sing, and so that it can speak the language is used. The language must also be very well trained since with her articulate sounds, i.e., are separated from one another. Therefore, play with master flute traversa, fingers, tongue, and diaphragm must be used for simultaneously and with incredible precision and speed.
The leading soloists of the flute began to appear from the second half of the 20th century. Among them are Jean Pierre Rampal, James Galway, Philippa Davies, Emmanuel Pahud, Ian Anderson and Herbie Mann.