The guitar is an instrument of the family of stringed instruments. Consists of a wooden box with a sound hole to the center of the CAP and a mast with a tuning fork or rear end where six tensioned strings that produce the sound go integrated. The guitar is the instrument most used in the world.
The origin of this famous instrument is not set. It is believed that it could come from the "zither", which would have been introduced in Spain after the Christian era in the 4th century. Also defended the theory that derives from "Arabic ud", which was introduced into Spain by the Moors in the 8th century. However, the six-string guitar as we know it today, was is a modification made by the Spanish Antonio Torres Jurado in the 19th century. It is known as classical guitar and is which derived all other types of guitars used today, presenting nearly the same structure. Current guitars are built with virtually the same model of the de Antonio Torres, with few variations.
The structure of the guitar basically consists of a box and a mast. The box consists of the back of it which is called lid, the front part called the soundboard, the soundboard hole called ear or mouth, mouth motif called rosette, called ring tops junction, and the structure in where the strings are called bridge. The mast is made up of the neck, which is the structure that joins the mast ring box in the rear; the tuning fork, which is the area of the mast from the neck until the end; the frets, which are thin strips of metal that make halftones; plug or top deck, which receives the strings for the zone in which tighten call headstock by means of the 6-pin. In the case of the electric guitar, it contains microphone and controls volume and sound, instead of an ear or mouth; Besides the frets, has position markers on the fretboard and headstock tip, has a neck tensioner.
How to play the guitar is supporting it on your lap, leaving the mast to the left. Strings are below upward, from the most acute to the most serious (mi, si, sol, re, la, mi). To play the guitar from supporting the fingers of the left hand on the strings between frets. This makes that the rope is in a long enough to a desired sound. Once they are positioned the fingers on the strings that you want to play, with the right hand touched strumming them, tapping them or Arpeggiate them. When playing a sound at the same time is called melody, when two are issued or more chord is called and if the chord arpegia (touching the strings one after another and not simultaneously) is called harmony.
Guitar Spanish guitar-related types are the classical guitar, which can be study or concert, being this last best sound and quality for its timber, construction and dimensions; the guitar's flamenco (all a musical genre where highlights the great guitarist Paco de Lucía), which is smaller and less resonant; the guitar acoustic or also known as "electro-acoustic", which is a U.S. version designed by CF Martin with strings of metal, larger and more varied designs, typical of American folk; and the electric guitar, invented in the United States with a variety of sizes, shapes, materials, etc.; their sound is generated by a system of amplification, and is modified by sophisticated digital effects.
Rolling Stone magazine published a list with the 100 best guitarists of history of which the first 10 are Jimi Hendrix, Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers, B.B. King, Eric Clapton, Robert Johnson, Chuck Berry, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ry Cooder, Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin and Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones group. The list also is Kurt Cobain in the post 12 and Carlos Santana in 15, among many other great guitar.