What is the Rosetta Stone?
The Rosetta Stone is a rosacea grey granite stone written in 3 types of registrations: hieroglyphic, Egyptian demotic, and Greek, which was created in 196 BC, and discovered by the French in the year 1799 a.d.. Thanks to Greek is have failed to decipher inserts on this famous stone hieroglyphic writings, a great luck for scholars. The reason why the Rosetta Stone was written with 3 types of inscriptions, was so priests, government officials, and leaders of Egypt could read what was said. The first type of registration was the hieroglyphic, which was used in important religious documents. The second type was the demotic Egyptian, which was the type of common writing of Egypt. Finally the Greek was the language of the country's leaders at the time.
Ptolemy V ascended to the throne of Egypt at a turbulent period in the history of Egypt. It is in 196 BC, in which to restore the legitimacy of the Government and create a real cult, priests of Ptolemy issued a series of decrees, which were written in a series of stones throughout all Egypt, where the Rosetta Stone is a copy of the decrees in the city of Memphis.
Much later, on 15 July of the year 1799, French captain Pierre Bouchard François is who discovered the Rosetta Stone in the Egyptian port city of Rosetta (nowadays the city known with the name of Rashid). This discovery was made while he was directing construction work for the site of a Fort. Bouchard immediately realized the importance of the stone, so he decides to take it to the Institute of Egypt (Institut de Egipte), dedicated to the study of Egyptology, which was founded by Napoleon in 1798. However, in the year 1803, the French were defeated by the British, reason by which had to leave Egypt leaving all belongings of the Institute, which meant that they could only be written copies of the inscriptions on the Rosetta Stone. This is how this legendary stone was taken to the British Museum, the place where it is saved from the year 1802. During the years 1822-1824, French Jean Champolion François was who deciphered hieroglyphics inscribed. This character could read both Greek as Coptic, being able to move the signs of language Egyptian demotic to Coptic, and can finally decipher hieroglyphics.
The Rosetta Stone is a legacy of universal relevance to the world of archaeology and science of today. In 2003 the Egyptians demanded the return of this, through Dr. Zahi Hawass who is Secretary of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, who said that this stone is an icon of Egyptian identity. The term Rosetta Stone, is applied today to refer to anything that is fundamental for a translation, or a problem of great complexity