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What is the SAX?
SAX, or rather saxophone is a woodwind musical instrument. Although it is a metal instrument, its characteristics are more typical of one of woodwind, such as its mouthpiece with a tongue and its system of keys, both characteristics very similar to the clarinet. Therefore, the saxophone is considered member of the family of the wind instruments wood.
The origin of the saxophone is one of the more recent instruments. The history of the saxophone begins in 1840, when the maker Adolphe Sax created the saxophone in an attempt to improve his clarinet. The result was amazing with improvements in the ring and the tuning and a balance of records. However, and despite the high quality of the instrument, it was very difficult to be accepted. Today is a renowned and very popular; However, never has been able to be fixed in the Orchestra part due in part to real instrument specialists there are not many.
The saxophone consists of a mouthpiece, which is very similar to the clarinet, with a single tab in a piece called beak, which is fixed to the nozzle; in the case of the saxophone, the nozzle has a hollow inner Chamber round or square. The body of the saxophone has a conical shape similar to the oboe, but the difference is that it has a curvature called cylinder head that ends in the Pavilion, which is the structure of hood that projects the sound. Throughout the body of the saxophone, are located holes covering by means of keys or dishes; the nozzle also features a hole with a wrench.
The form of the saxophone, SAX, greatly facilitates the implementation of the same. While touched the upper keys with your left hand and the right bottom, curved shape of the instrument makes it is just at the height of the saxophonist's mouth. The sound is produced by air blowing by the musician, that vibrates the nozzle tab. The different tones are achieved to cover several holes along the instrument.
Types of SAX: SAX soprano, 39 cm; alto sax of 39 cm; Saxo tenor, 68 cm; baritone saxophone, 84 centimeters and saxo 99 inches low.
Some leading saxophone players in history are in classical music: Marcel Mule, Sigurd Rascher, Jean-Marie Londeix, Celil Leeson, Daniel Deffayet, and Donald Sinta, among others. In Jazz: Rudy Wiedoeft, Sidney Bechet, Charlie Parker, Coleman Hawkins, Paul Desmond, Stan Getz, Gerry Mulligan and Pedro Iturralde.