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What is Science Fiction?
Science fiction is a literary genre in which the author conceives a world future or artificial, taking into consideration hypothetical assumptions that can be physical, biological, technological, philosophical or cultural order in order to study aspects of human life, nature and the universe, under these assumptions.
One of the pioneers of science fiction is the Roman author Luciano who, in the year 160 A.D., wrote a book called "Vera story", which tells that a strong wind transported a boat that was sailing beyond "the pillars of Hercules" (Strait of Gibraltar) to the Moon, where travelers are that its King is going to meet with the Emperor of the Sunbecause of the rights of the conquest of Venus. However, the history of science fiction (itself) did not begin until the 19th century, with the novels of Julio Verne and H.G. Wells. Among the works of Verne that is noteworthy, should take into account "Twenty thousand leagues under the sea of travel submarine", "Journey to the center of Earth", and "From the Earth to the Moon", among others. These novels are based more on adventures that happen to characters of the era and its interrelation with technologies never before views. On the other hand, the novels of H.G. Wells, that should be mentioned are: "The time machine", and the "war of the worlds". These, unlike written by Verne, have rather an order to show a social critique. After these two authors, the genus had a special boom in United States from the year 1926 when Hugo Gernsback, considered the father of science fiction and who first used the term, founded the magazine "Amazing stories", dedicated only to the stories of this literary genre. Later the English author Aldous Huxley transcends the literary culture with his novel "A happy world", which aims to transport us to a future world "ironically happy" which is a fully mechanized society and without values. A similar social criticism takes place with the novels "1984" and "Revolt in la Granja", of the same nationality as the previous writer George Orwell. Thereafter developed a boom of the genre where, among the more notable authors should be noted by Isaac Asimov and Frank Herbert.
Something that is important to note, is that science fiction authors do not purport to guess or predict the future, but rather intended to use the future freely to develop their ideas. Moreover, notable authors as Ray Bradbury have pointed out that rather than predict the future, they want to avoid it.
To conclude this article, it should be noted that due to the large technological advances developed currently, science fiction has gained increasing importance not only in literature, but also on television, in the comics, and on radio. So much so, that in the film industry today can be found from the classics of Julio Verne, to notable novels of the 20th century in Isaac Asimov.