What are the Visual Arts?
The Visual Arts are forms of art whose works are primarily Visual in nature. Traditionally, painting, sculpture, architecture and photography are recognized in this group, but Visual arts such as ceramics, drawing and printing, modern audiovisual production and video arts, and also design and craftsmanship may be included also. Many of these disciplines, however, may be part of other arts as well as the Visual Arts.
Visual Arts as a concept appeared recently at the end of the second world war, by European artists who emigrated to New York. Since 1980, the term became popular since it explained better contemporary art than the term "fine arts", used above. They are considered Visual Arts all involving Visual perceptions. The most recognized are the fine arts such as painting, sculpture and architecture, and photography.
The painting is, literally, the application of pigment (in a medium with masking agent) in a paper, a canvas, a wall or other surfaces. Artistically speaking, painting is combined with other practices such as drawing and composition, to achieve the goal of expressing and communicating by the painter. It is a practice that has its origins in the caves and over time, has evolved and undergone many great styles through the ages. Today is considered part of the fine arts. Painters such as Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Diego Velázquez, Rembrandt, Salvador Dalí, Leonardo Da Vinci, Joan Miró, Sandro Botticelli, Claude Monet, among many highlights in this visual art others.
The sculpture is a three-dimensional, also seen in the plastic arts, which consists of shaping or combining hard or plastic materials, mainly stones, as rock or marble, metals, glass and wood. The sculptures can be created in many ways, either simply drawing or carving, as also armando, building, casting, welding, or molding. It is very common that the sculptures are painted. It is a plastic art which also accounts for the majority of public art, to be present in parks, streets and gardens. Like painting, the sculpture has gone through many styles throughout history and their forms are as varied as the cultures in the world and the different artistic currents. Highlights of sculptors such as Miguel Ángel, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Auguste Rodin, Algardi, Donatello, Giambologna, Houdon, among others.
Architecture is another three-dimensional art seen within the Visual Arts as a plastic art, due to the manipulation of materials involved. Despite that, the architectural works have a post deserved within the Visual Arts. Since ancient times there have been important works which have delighted the human view and have embellished the spaces. Architecture is the art of making a project and direct the construction of buildings and structures. Include works of all time as the pyramids of Egypt and the Sphinx, Chichen-Itza, the Parthenon, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Angkor, the Taj Mahal, the Eifel Tower, the Brandenburg Gate, the Sydney Opera House, the Burj al Arab, the Beijing National Stadium, just to name a few.
Finally, photography is a modern art that is the process, activity and art of creating pictures by means of the action of light. The patterns of light reflected by the objects are entered in a sensitive environment or in a storage chip. This is done by cameras. Photography also has evolved over time and has been benefited by the new technology. In addition to being considered as part of the Visual Arts, it is also essential in scientific studies.