Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Pyromania, incendiary behavior

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In times of more heat they tend to produce large scale forest fires, and many are caused by arsonists. Would you like to know what exactly the firesetting behavior and how it is?

The Pyromania is an impulse control disorder

Firesetting behavior

Pyromania is defined as a disorder of impulse control, focused on a very specific and repetitive behaviour, whereby the person feels an irresistible impulse to start fires, whether these small or large fires, without the intent to damage or looking for a profit, and that is characterized by that when he started it feels a release of tensions experiencedas well as a pleasure to observe how will consume what has blown.
At present little is known about the firesetting behavior; There is not even a statistic of the number of people suffering from this disorder, although it is known that it affects more men, and that its origin is unknown. Some authors point to psychosexual conflicts, while others indicate that it is the inadequate expression of a person with limited social resources, with feelings of inferiority social, physical or sexual.
Incendiary behavior tends to manifest itself already from an early age, and arise especially when the person is facing a personal crisis, as a means of releasing stress. By definition it is a repetitive behavior, which will mark a history of incendiary acts, which in some cases is increasing in intensity and extent of the fire, so it is a self-powered, and chronic behavior due to the joy experienced when burning.
If your child starts to play with matches or lighters, or burn small objects such as papers by simple enjoy see how arden, may be good for 'prevention' you to take you to consultation of a specialist, especially if also shown quietly, with few friends, and with a tendency to isolation, since these attitudes are the germ that usually start the arsonists. The opinion of the specialist will allow you to be quiet about their diagnosis and, if necessary, start treatment in this regard.

Tips to prevent the Pyromania

Although there are several tools that work with the arsonist, the best is the Pyromania prevention, since many more fires have prompted, and more has been delighted with his actions, more difficult it will be its treatment, so:
· If you see that your child begins to play with fire, either Grace or by experience, it's stop it and explain the dangers and consequences of his conduct.
· If you see that despite your instructions increases his fascination by the fire, fire engines or the world that surrounds him, it would be good that you acudieses a specialist.
· If you see that it starts a fire, immediately away from that, so it cannot contemplate his work and wallow in it.
· Try to avoid to have access to matches, lighters or similar, to make more difficult that you can give free rein to their impulses.
· If there has been a fire, however small, that is, is that your son is expressed, particularly with regard to what she felt before doing so, to detect the origin of that initial tension.
· If the small search loneliness to so experience with fire, attempts to have him busy activities of study or leisure that will entertain, and pass the minor possible time in solitary.
For adolescents and adults, hard attend them on their own consultation, so it must be family members or friends who suggest them to do so on their behalf.

Diagnosis of the Pyromania

To establish a clear diagnosis of Pyromania must observe the presence of the symptoms described above, but must also be ruled out that such inflammatory behavior can be caused by any of the following conditions or disorders:
· Accidental situation; some coals of a barbecue badly off or pull a cigarette without shutting down out of the window of the car can start a fire, but in both cases would be missing the intent, uncontrolled impulse...
· A single arson; in this case, despite the intention and that there could be motivated by this uncontrollable urge, not deemed arsonist not repeating again the incendiary action.
· Simulation, wherein it is get a profit, for example, to buy the land burned at lower price; or to avoid a punishment, for example, getting burn tests against.
· Behavior of imitation, where intent is not motivated both by an uncontrollable urge, and the pursuit of personal fame, to imitate the acts of another person admires that and with which it is identified.
· Disorder antisocial, where there is a transgressive behavior pattern, with negative and destructive actions that not only focuses on the fire, but uses any means in his hand; in this case, in addition, there is uncontrolled impulse nor the enjoyment to observe fire.
· Manic episode of bipolar disorder, where the euphoria of the moment can make believe that it controls the fire; in this case nor give the precise psychological conditions for the diagnosis of Pyromania.
· Antisocial disorder personality or sociopathy, where there is a personality disorder that seeks the benefit itself at the expense of others, without attending to the basic social norms of coexistence, and is not guided by uncontrolled impulses or joy in the fire.
· Nor will as Pyromania in cases of impaired judgement as in dementia, retardation mental, or poisoning from substances.

Symptoms of the Pyromania

Among the most notable symptoms which will show a person who suffers from Pyromania, and that can help us to anticipate to some extent to their acts, are the following:
· Interest and even admiration for the world of fire and the professions that have to do with this element, such as fire or seals.
· Incendiary behavior repeated over time; the size of the fire or the consequences thereof are not the determining factor, but the very act of burning something.
· It is an impulse control disorder, the arsonist will feel an overwhelming desire to start a fire, resulting in great tension.
· Once committed the Act the person feels a great joy by being released from that tension, while it basks with the result and its consequences.
· Admiration for the vision of the fire caused by arsonists, thinking about how he would feel if he had done it.
· Search for approaching fire and its own fire, still a front-line observer to contemplate his work.
· It is the absence of remorse, without self-criticism and repentance by the incendiary Act, and even not even for its consequences.

Treatment of the Pyromania

One of the biggest challenges when working in therapy with an arsonist is first to request help. And it is that while the person is aware that what they do is wrong and that sometimes you can have jeopardized the lives of others in the case of fire that you have uncontrolled, the arsonist usually does not feel remorse or repentance, so it is difficult to go to consultation.
Once he has gone, and it is an impulse control disorder, the first goal of treatment should be just that, work with different techniques for promoting impulse control and self-control, such as:
  • Techniques of conflict resolution, where through the role play and practice of cases is teaches the person to seek alternatives for conflict resolution, being the key flexibility to seek a more appropriate solution.
  • Identification techniques of its tension, either by self-observation of tone's fluctuating voice, sweating and tremor in the hand, which can determine when the patient is getting tense.
  • Relaxation techniques, such as positive visualization or deep breathing, that will help the person to control those incendiary impulses when they arise you.
At the same time we are working other aspects of the person which can be mediating in this lack of control as:
· Self-esteem, working also with the self-image, to correct distortions that the patient may have to reinforce him in its positive aspects.
· Social performance, through training in social skills, which will allow you to have sufficient resources to maintain a social life rich in friendships and even intimate relationships.
· Professional, considers sexual performance, when to treat problems of this kind that may be involved in its conduct.
Article contributed for educational purposes
Health and Wellness

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