What is the history of the books?

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The books consist of a set of sheets of paper, organized and bound that make up a work or volume. This work can be literary, scientific or technical and philosophical, among many other topics.

Books, as they are understood classically, is that volume, written on sheets of paper. The one which, subsequently to be finalized, goes on sale through bookstores. The books may discuss more issues, of the life of the human being. There are kitchen, car, dog, fiction, drama, thriller, scary and magical worlds of fantasy.

Now, with regard to what is the history of books, this begins with sheets of clay. Iron, which was written by an awl, which was developing, mainly drawings expressing the overall idea, who drew. It is so precarious, the beginning of the history of books. History which, was forged in a way quite leisurely and slow.

Subsequently, the history of books, takes a radical shift, from the hand of the papyri. Paper roll, which was used by the Romans, the Egyptians and the Greeks. This type of paper, which was extracted from the reeds that existed on the banks of the River Nile, were rolled up through a paper bar. Most of the Papyri, books of antiquity, were quite long. But in the majority of cases, its size was reduced them and they wrote through several of these, which were kept in the form of real volumes.

To get a copy of the Papyri, since history had not yet delivered to mankind, the printing press, they had to pay a very high price. Already copy of these, it was performed by the hand of different scribes. Which is delayed, rather, on the copy of the majority of the papyri. Therefore, by being so tiring work, is that they were charging so expensive.

Way back, in the history of books, parchment, appears in the 2nd century b.c. It has its manufacturing base, in the leather of the animals of the time. The grace of the scrolls, is that they could last quite a few years more, than the papyri. Which is desasían quite quickly, to preserve its contents, unless copies of them, on an ongoing basis are separated.

Subsequently, in the history of books, are codices, in the 4th century AD. Or books, in latin. Which were different sheets, in the form of a booklet, which were made of wood and covered with wax. Therefore, with something sharp, I could write about them, and if it was required, it could erase. Similarly, in these books, sometimes leaves of parchment, is alternated in that fashion, it was even easier to write. With the passage of time, sheets of wood, were changing by the leather.

In the middle ages, the books were mainly written by various monks monastery, which existed in Europe. They still wrote them by hand. Many of them were copies of classics of Greece and Rome. Most of these books, possessed valuable inlays, gold and other fine materials. Therefore, in this part of the story, which takes place in the age of faith union with the reason, the books were very expensive. Therefore, only some monarchs, could be given the luxury of buying them.

That Yes, to the European Renaissance, in 1456, the German Johann Gutenberg, creates the first Western printing based on the movable metal type. The first impression was the "Gutenberg Bible".

One of the contributing factors to this historical fact, which marks a before and an afterwards, in the history of books, is that paper there is. The one which was learned by Europeans, Muslims.

After this fact, in the history of the book, practically, nothing changed. The only thing that has been achieved, is further mechanize the process, make it more quickly, from the Industrial Revolution. The same thing has happened, with most of the world production of final goods. Also today there are electronic books or ebooks, which we will explore in another article.
Translated for educational purposes.
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