The ranchera is a genre of popular Mexican music nationally and internationally. Its name comes from the word "ranch", which is a sector of agriculture and livestock of American geography. They are accompanied by characteristic small encountered in Mexico. The rancheras were disseminated by the famous mariachis originating in Jalisco.
The ranchero was born in Mexico as a reaction of the people to from aristocratic customs of Europe who dominated the upper class of the country. These customs and other political changes have emerged due to the revolution of 1910 that caused many cultural manifestations as the aforementioned rancheras. Initially, people listened to them at regional fairs and many imitated them in their places, adapting them to their ways of life. Inspired by Mexican folklore, with a mixture of celebration and narrative plot, the rancheras became the music icon and symbol of Mexico and until today are very popular, especially in Latin American countries. Countries where most Ranchera music outside of Mexico, has developed are Argentina, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela.
A station-wagon, mainly presents lot of melody and romantic and sentimental arguments. The interpretation of it is especially characterized by the use of sustained long notes at the end of each sentence. They are usually surprised treble tones produced by the interpreter and the way in which makes them descend into a tailspin. His voice is characterized by open and bright that makes a very good accompaniment for the mariachis. The latter are the characteristic groups which interpret the ranchera music. Consist of three to twelve members who use rope and metal instruments including guitars, trumpets and clarinets. It is also possible that the wagon is performed by a group of three guitarists or even a Spanish guitar solo. The mariachis are characterized by wear flashy costumes with large hats and ornaments.
In the history of the ranchera have been highlighted great performers of the genre, of which we can mention the following: Jorge Negrete, Pedro Infante, Tito Guízar, Miguel Aceves Mejía, José Alfredo Jiménez, Javier Solís, Antonio Aguilar and some more recent as Vicente Fernández, Alejandro Fernández, Juan Gabriel, Pedro Fernández and Pepe Aguilar. Also stand out performers female as Lucha Reyes, Lucha Villa, Lola Beltran, Flor Silvestre, Amalia Mendoza "La Tariacuri", María de Lourdes and Rocío Dúrcal.