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Who invented the printing press?

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To get an idea of what the printing press, this is a machine, which serves to reproduce text or images on paper. You achieve that, as well, through the application of oily ink, on various mechanical parts, which are called types, which printed on paper, the aforementioned ink.

To answer who invented the printing press, arguably, that were several people, like civilizations, who helped to shape it, and that I take all this and think what we know as the modern printing press was Johannes Gutenberg.

This is must, to them Chinese, several tens of years before them European, already had achieved create a class rudimentary of printing that assimilates the way of work of the printing. They were carved into pieces of wood, different characters, which excelled the rest of the same wood. These characters were inked and then pressed against the paper; to top phrases or full texts were carved and further way, the characters began to be carved independently with one another, which added flexibility to the final work. This technique is called woodcut, and one of the first prints made with this technique is a Buddhist text.

Now, we can ask, who invented the printing press in the West? However, the inventor of the modern printing press or movable type was Johannes Gutenberg. Its creation took course in the middle of the 15th century.

Even though, we can point out that the Chinese had already created the concept of movable-type printing, Gutenberg was who perfected it and did industrial production on a large scale of texts.

Gutenberg was born in Germany, more specifically, in the city of Mainz. His first profession was the jeweler. He knew the creation of moulds and the smelting of gold, like the de la plata.

Although Lauren Coster, a Dutchman, years before he had already carried out similar work with movable type of wood, this was not consistent as for mass printing results. The creation of the first printing press, took place between 1436 and 1450. Its creation consisted of metal letters casting molds, which applied the ink. The resulting letters were ordered into a mold known as galera of composition to then print the result on paper. This technique, known as typography, gave him consistency and quality to the final printing. With this technique, Gutenberg manages to print his masterpiece, the "Gutenberg Bible" (printed in 1455). Laurens Coster, a Dutchman, had already done similar work years before using wooden movable type, but their results were not consistent as to the massive printing; for this reason is attributed to Gutenberg invention.

So, as it is considered to Gutenberg, who invented the modern printing press. But more than an invention, its creation, is the fusion of different inventions already previously created. And there, the genius of this German Goldsmith, amalgamated various experiences, which managed to develop a machine that could of simple, quick and efficient way, print texts. Therefore, that is considered to Gutenberg, as the father of modern textbooks.

The creation of Gutenberg, was a revolutionary catapult, in the field of culture, art and politics. He even managed to affect the foundations of religions. And is that printing, transferred knowledge, which then only it had the rich aristocrats and religious, more modest people. With this invention, knowledge became universal. Within reach of the hand of anyone who would immerse in the vast sea, which means educating yourself through books.
Translated for educational purposes.
Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

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