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Concept and What is: Fanaticism | Psychology

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Although people generally associate the cause political or religious fanaticism, this behavior is much broader than you think. Originally from French or Latin fanatique u – ' what belongs to a temple ' – he refers to all exaggerated attitude, compulsive radical.

According to the Dictionary, the fanatic is the being that blindly follows a doctrine or a party, but other dictionaries have more extensive meanings, such as "excessive worship of someone or something; excessive religious zeal; political passion; intolerance; sectarianism; exaltation exaggerated; factionalism; excessive dedication. " These connotations are derived from a primitive ritual, during which priests that worshiped certain deities, such as Cybele and Bellona, entered in Ecstasy and, in this State, if cut, letting it flow the blood from their bodies.

Thus, the fanaticism involves not only larger and global disputes, involving the fate of the Planet, but also everyday acts, such as the obsessive love for someone, the devotion to a football team, the excessive attachment to an object, among others. These passions can lead the person to commit foolish actions often criminals. They are typically marginalised because behave differently from those who are more moderate in their attitudes, although anyone is subject to develop feelings of this nature.

The fanatics are usually prisoners of their obsessions, whether they are a God, a political leader, a utopian or cause an unquestioned faith. These worldviews are almost always irrational nature, and people that feed this beliefs you think content really which are imbued with a messianic mission, which should save people from evil or of world disorder.

Some forms of fanaticism transcend individuality and express themselves collectively, such as in prayer groups, voluntary practices of penury and hunger, on pilgrimages, in the exercise of fasting, in which torture can lead to suicide himself, individual or collective. This behavior is psychologically associated with an attitude of escape from reality. Not every fanatic, however, appears to be what it is, because the characteristics described above refer to moments of radicalism and extremism.

In fact, even some suicide bombers who kill themselves for a political or religious cause, on a day-to-day basis are usually ordinary people. In terrorist acts, in fact, we find elements of fanatical devotion coupled with above-average intelligence, in this case used for evil, although these militants want to be fighting the darkness, saving the world.
Translated for educational purposes.
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