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Concept and What is: Self-harm | Psychology

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Self-mutilation or self-injury are associated with a psychological disorder called Borderline personality disorder (TPB), sorted by the psychoanalyst Adolph Stern in 30 years, as a pathology between neurosis and psychosis that generate a dysfunction in brain metabolism, disintegrating the ego generating a desperate sense of loss.

The symptoms usually appear during adolescence, remaining for about a decade in most cases. People suffering from this disorder, feel a huge need of self punishment by failures in everyday life.

According to the studies already carried out, this disorder affects about 2% of the world's population, affecting mainly women. Some behaviors may have roots in auto-mutiladores patients ' religiosity, but also has been detected in people with little social and affective contact, solitary and introverted.

The researchers believe that may have genetic origin also associated with traumatic factors during childhood or adolescence, as potential sexual abuse, negligence, separations and orphanhood.

The person affected of this disorder feel emotional relief each time gets hurt. Among the frequent injuries associated with are: punch up, whipping himself; hang themselves for a few moments; gnawing at it; tighten or reopen wounds; pulling her hair; burn; puncture purposefully with sharp objects, pinch yourself; ingest corrosive agents and objects; poisoning by overdose of drugs or chemicals, without the intention of suicide; banging my head against the wall; punching hard surfaces.

Treatment
Many specific types of psychotherapy for TPB have been developed in recent years. Studies (limited) ever recorded do not confirm the efficacy of these treatments, but at least suggest that any one of them could result in some improvement. Individual simple therapies can, by themselves, improve self-esteem and mobilize the forces existing in the borderlines. Specific therapies may involve sessions over many months or, in the case of personality disorders, many years.

Psychotherapies are often conducted with individuals or with groups. Group therapy can help enhance interpersonal skills and self-awareness in the affected by the TPB.
Translated for educational purposes.
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