Meaning and Definition of Buddhism | Concept and What is.

What is Buddhism?

Buddhism is a religion that was founded by Siddharta Gotama (or Gautama) Buddha ("the awake" or the wise) or Zakyamuni (the Zakyas Solitaire). The name Siddharta translates as "which reached their aspiration" (must say that today be spelled a little different but I like the original transcript which is found in most of the literature). He is the son of a noble family of the clan Zakyas, proud and belligerent actually not living in cities if not in villages of large size, with a rather military organization, and with a heritage rich in legends.

It is in that environment that Siddharta (which many see as a Prince who become disillusioned of the power exercised by his own, others as a pastor of cattle that also sees something very frivolous in power of castes) cares about the pain of the people. I have never known that it is losing a mother so I can not put me in their boots but should be a very sharp pain that accompanied him always. He says the tradition that the then Prince ventured outside the boundaries of the accommodated place where he lived with nobility, where he had contact with human suffering, and realized that I had found him a purpose.

Away after life as a Prince, he followed the path of yoga and the austerities, to finally find the "Middle Road" between the extremes of spiritual practice, and after a series of experiences attained spiritual, becoming Buddha "enlightenment" (the historical character, since Buddhism States that the nature of Buddha, the primordial awakening, we have all sentient beings)(, and through the evolution and development of consciousness awakening is reached, or is this always present nature).

According to Buddha, there are four things really true: the existence of pain, the origin of the pain, the Suppression of pain and the way to eliminate the pain; in this way he organized his doctrine, in what he called the four noble truths.

Buddhism recognizes the reality of the pain, but it says much of this ourselves we create in our existence linked to the ego; overcoming this cling to things, experiences and phenomena, based on the ego, is exceeded also the pain, or the profound effect it has on us. To make progress in this way is that Buddha raised a number of precepts and recommendations for living life in harmony with the reality, and meditation is a fundamental pillar for achieving the ultimate goal of human life, enlightenment.

According to Buddhism, there is not only a supernatural reality or only sensitive or phenomenological. They exist both in coexistence (how is the vacuum, and emptiness is form, say the Buddhist philosophers). Through contemplation the faithful breaks the cycle of samsara (the "ocean of suffering" where the transmigration of the soul is carried out) and then the karmas (consequences of actions and thoughts) lose its reason for being and finally the soul enters nirvana, a reality that is beyond all human understanding. This philosophical system is revealed against the caste system, since it poses the Buddha nature for all persons. Today day of 750 million people are Buddhist, although different traditions interpreted very differently their legacy.
Translated for educational purposes.
Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

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