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Meaning and Definition of Calvinism | Concept and What is.


What is Calvinism?

Calvinism is a set of philosophical and theological thoughts that Juan Calvino exhibited throughout his life as a Protestant reformer. A curious fact is that the term Calvinism he repudiated it life but was the distinctive way with which the Lutherans called it and so it has gone down in history. As with all great thinker his legacy goes beyond the scope of philosophical or theological, also is a way of life which, in turn, is back to play with time.

Each reformer found an inconsistency in the doctrine of the Church Catholic, or at least something that so them seemed and try of solve such problem. Personally the great defect of many of these solutions is that they are subjective and then to be extrapolated contradict each other, even within same Catholicism, because there is a default under-personally in all Protestant doctrines: the Scriptures are the only source of truth and it is a personal message to every Christian.

Calvin doctrine that has to do with predestination is that marks the difference with the other reformist tendencies. It is not known in which part of his life he found this doctrine as contradictory and when deemed ready starts to explain their ideas knowing that the Catholic Church going to condemn. What I do not think that you calculate well were the consequences and to tell the truth who can do it accurately? As an additional note we won't refer to Sacred Scripture, which is where Calvinism supports your deductions since it is not the object of this work and so there are more in-depth studies.

There are 5 points or premises which Calvino aims to explain predestination: first: the depravity of the human being. According to Calvinism sin committed by the man not only "stain" her nature, which originally is kindly, corrodes it to the point that it is unable to distinguish the good from the bad. It's more his thoughts go to deduct at the man leaning to do evil. So the human can not do anything meritorious to achieve his salvation. We could interpret this that our first parents attracted his own damnation and all humanity in a fatal way, permanently damaging the soul that God gave us, and makes us powerless here for redemption and we predispondría to any perversion.

Second: God made an unconditional election. Means that it is God who can make man to save because that man has no chance of achieving it by itself. Why then are people good and bad? Because God chooses some and others not from the very beginning, if mediate prior knowledge. This election has no reason rather than the same will of God. As an example why choose Abraham from among all the other inhabitants of Ur? Because it was his choice, nothing else, because it was predestined. In this way one can differentiate if someone is predestined or by their actions, not clear that this is not definitive since we don't know who have been elected until the end of time. It also gave rise to many had a "licentious" behavior, but within the interpretation which gave Calvin disapproved such conduct, although he could not disallow all his thinking, although Yes it prevented them to participate in the "dinner".

Third: The Particular redemption. For this reason, and in simple words, when Jesus dies on the cross, the merits of his death apply only to those who are predestined to salvation. The plan of salvation does not apply to all humanity but a group in particular. With the great tragedy that all are called to it. For many this point in particular is the darker, since God made the creation so that this would be improved (with the ability to improve if same), then why the plan of redemption affects ones and others not, if everyone can improve if same? From there the second point that applies to this, God has already chosen them.

Fourth: Irresistible grace. The grace of God, that force which makes the Christian to live in the spirit of God, is a force not can oppose that and which therefore manifests itself in a response than the one chosen, therefore the spirit calls through the preacher and chosen answers, only the chosen responds, and that choice is manifested in his life. In this way those who manifest the will of the spirit in their actions may be chosen. But lead a virtuous life is not warranty that is among them as the only one who knows how such a thing is the spirit himself, and then the believer should carry a "virtuous life" with the hope that is a sign that you are among the predestined.

Fifth: The perseverance of the Saints. Those chosen will remain in God until the end of time
Translated for educational purposes.
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