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What is electronic music?
Electronic music is a style of popular music, whose name implies the use of technology and electronic musical instruments of different characteristics. The genre also supports the use of electromechanical means, allowing you to produce effects and sounds different, unique (the genre traditionally has been linked to sound experimentation). Electronic music also includes music that is obtained with audio tapes (which exists on the tape and is interpreted with speakers), electronic music live (which occurs in real-time with electronic equipment such as synthesizers), music concrete (with sounds recorded and modified) and which also uses elements combined from the previous ones.
Electronic music has its beginnings in Hernann Ludwig Helmholtz's work, in 1860, which, after several investigations, built an instrument able to analyze combinations of tone electronically-controlled. Its purpose was not musical, but it curiously scientific. It was Ferruccio Busoni who produced the musical theories from that instrument. The first constructed instruments include the tone wheel and the musical Telegraph created by Elisha Gray. But the first major electronic musical instrument was the proudly, of Thaddeus Cahill, presented in 1906. Others consider that the first electronic musical instrument is the teremin, created by León Thérémin in 1919.
Over the years, new inventions were made, and electronic music started to become popular, especially since the 1960s, with some of the first electronic melodies that were created, as the subject of Doctor Who series and some tracks on the album from the Group The Beach Boys in the year. It also emphasizes the Brazilian harpsichordist Wendy Carlos, who popularized the use of the synthesizer used by famous bands like Pink Floyd. Others who contributed to the popularity of electronic music were the German band Kraftwerk, whose influence gave rise to house music in the 1970s. It is worth mentioning also the musician Jean-Michel Jarre, whose album Oxygene managed to sell millions of copies globally.
In the 1980s, synthesizers were digitized and appeared the samplers that brought a new evolution to electronic music and a series of bands that continued popularizing it, such as the renowned Depeche Mode and Pet Shop Boys. That decade appeared also, generated styles such as techno, trance and dance, among others. Since then, electronic music has achieved a great popular around the world. Artists such as Madonna, Björk and Moby have become popular variants of this music.
Electronic music has been benefited by the possibility of computer-assisted presentations. In recent years, computer technology and new music programs have advanced to great strides. Even the artists can individualize their music production creating personalized software synthesizers, effects, environments of composition, etc.