Meaning and Definition of Nobel Prize | Concept and What is.

What is the Nobel Prize?

Alfred Nobel, prominent industrialist and scientist Swedish, was the creator of dynamite or TNT. That development or invention from gunpowder, was created by Nobel, in the 19th century. But over the years, he felt a little miserable, by accumulating a large fortune, by means of an invention, which was used in the war as an effective way of killing people. So, as months before his death, decided to create, the famous Nobel prizes. This was set forth, in his will, which left signed, at the Norwegian Club in Paris on 27 November 1895.

Nobel Prize should be given to people who have conducted scientific research, invented artifacts and outstanding techniques. Also, that you have made a great intellectual contribution to humanity.

So, as the first awards ceremony was held at the old Royal Academy of music in Stockholm (the capital of Sweden), in 1901. Where the Nobel Laureates delivered, were in the categories of physics, chemistry, medicine and literature.

The next date for the Nobel Prize, the award itself, began to be delivered by the King of Sweden. The decision took it, according to legend, since she realized the tremendous publicity about his country, thanks to these awards. So, as it welcomed that foreigners could also apply for the Nobel Prize (we speak of King Oscar II, who was the monarch at the time).

The Nobel prizes, involve the delivery of a gold medal, on which is recorded the face of Alfred Nobel and a financial prize of more than one million euros. The idea of economic contribution, is that the winner of the award, does not have to keep worrying about money and, thus, can concentrate exclusively on its future work.

The ceremony of the Nobel prizes, they are conducted, on 10 December, the date on which its creator died. Of course, the winners, know you in advance, more or less in October, so they have time to organize themselves and so they can go get his award.

The Nobel prize category, is as follows: physical. Chemistry, medicine, economics, literature and peace. The first are delivered in Sweden. The latter, that of peace, is presented in Oslo, Norway.
Translated for educational purposes.
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