Meaning and Definition of Tablature | Concept and What is.

What is a Tablature?

Tablature is a form of musical notation, which consists of showing the place of the instrument in which the finger should be positioned to generate sound; It is a simplified notation, convenient way for some applications as we will see, and they do not require formal musical knowledge to be able to read it. Tablature is a notation that is fairly popular in string instruments, such as the guitar (the famous TAB), lute and bass. It can also be used in other instruments such as the viola da gamba, mandolin, and harmonica. Due to its easy to read tablature, is frequently found in folk music. In Renaissance times, this type of notation used to frequently found in folk music.

The origins of the tablature go back to the year 1300 a.d.. Much of the music reading who wrote for lute during the Renaissance period was made by means of this type of notation. In this regard there are three types of tablature for Lute: one is French tablature which is that achieved greater popularity, another is the Italian, and finally it is of German origin. One of the advantages of this notation is that it allows the "scordatura", or change in the tuning of the strings, without the complication of learn to read this modification in a score (technique used widely for the viola da gamba and viola d'amore, typical Renaissance instruments). Keyboard tabs also reached great importance in Germany between 1450 and 1750, and in Spain between 1550 and 1680.

While the conventional notation shows the rhythms and the duration of each note, based on the 12 divisions of the octave, tablature shows the place and time in which the finger of the hand must generate a musical note. This type of notation symbols indicate when start note, but do not indicate when this sound should stop, so that the duration is at the discretion of the interpreter of the part or music track (although in modern editors by computer, even this is indicated by lines). Tabs for stringed instruments are based on a scheme of the frets has (the frets are the divisions possessing along its mast stringed instrument, so that the position of a finger on the string on the try a musical note is generated), keyboard tabs representing the key that must be pressed, and tabs for winds shows which holes should be covered or open.

Today best known and popular tabs are for guitar. Because they represent all 'spaces' in the handle of the guitar visually, they are more comfortable and easier to interpret. Note that in conventional notation, a certain belonging to an eighth note can be played on different strings, leaving who plays the instrument the tactics to position fingers, implying a greater difficulty. Another advantage of tablature is easy to write and can be spread by computational means. In fact nowadays sites offer the possibility of lower network music free, written with this type of notation. However, the music publishers association, has considered illegal tablature, which many sites have ceased to offer this service. Despite all the sales that has this type of notation, disadvantages, are also that while the conventional musical notation can be used for any instrument, only tabs can be used for the instrument for which it was written; anyway for beginners on guitar or for those who are not interested in learning the classical notation, tablature is a fundamental tool, which can save a lot time.
Translated for educational purposes.
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